Solar Panel Yield in the Netherlands
An evaluation of 660 solar energy systems in the Netherlands in 2011 showed that a well placed (south, 30 degr. tilt) set of 4 typical 250 Watt solar panels on average will give a return of 784 kWh per year. In other words, as a rule of thumb for temperate climates like Holland, if a panel has a peak capacity of X Watt, than a yearly yield of 0.78 * X kWh can be expected on average. Assuming a lifetime of 25 years, for a solar panel investment of 235 euro you will receive in return 25 * 0.78 * 250 kWh = 4875 kWh, which in the Netherlands amounts to (prices 2013: 23 euro cent per kWh) 1121 euro, ignoring installation cost. Prices for solar panels are still eroding, so these figures will look even better in three years time. Even in grey, cloudy zones like the Netherlands, solar already pays for itself handsomely. Including installation cost calculate with 7 years payback time (offset against 2013 Dutch electricity prices from the grid) and 18 years free electricity, no subsidies required.