Currently Russia is the country with the largest space exploration ambitions on the planet. In order to reduce dependency on the Baikonur Cosmodrome (46th parallel north) in Kazakhstan, since 1991 and independent country, Russia is building the Vostochny Cosmodrome (51st parallel north) located in the Far East. It is one of the largest Russian infrastructure projects, initiated in 2010 and completion is expected in 2018. However the first launches are scheduled before that date, including that of the new Angara rocket.
With the new Cosmodrome, Russia would save an annual $115 million in rent to the Kazahk government. The other Russian Cosmodrome, Plesetsk, is located near Archangelsk near Finland, 62nd parallel north.
[source] Launch pad Soyuz rocket, Vostochny July 2014.