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Archive for the category “China”

Iron Ore Mining for Wind Turbines

World map of countries that matter in iron production. Global annual production 3.3 billion ton. China (1.4), Australia (0.8) and Brazil (0.4) together produce ca. 82% of that amount.

For the global renewable energy transition to work, hundreds of thousands of steel wind towers, monopiles and nacelle’s need to be built. The good news is, the iron is there and currently relatively cheap.

Price iron ore: $85/ton [source]
Price steel plate: $470/ton [source]
(Steel plate can be used to manufacture monopiles and towers, see video at the bottom)

Weight of a large offshore wind turbine:

Tower head mass: 60 ton/MW [pdf]
Monopile 5 MW turbine: 2200 ton [source] (strong correl. with water depth)
Tower 5 MW turbine 100 m: 389 ton [pdf]

Rule of thumb 5 MW offshore wind turbine steel requirements: 300 + 2200 + 400 = 2900 ton

One million 5 MW offshore wind turbines require 2.9 billion ton or 88% annual global steel production.

Total world electricity consumption was 19,504 TWh in 2013. [source]
Annual electricity production 5 MW offshore ind turbine: 15 million kWh or 15 GWh

In other words: with 1.3 million offshore 5 MW wind turbines you have your global 2013 electricity consumption covered, if you ignore for a moment aspects like storage. And this time entirely fossil free, which was the purpose of the operation. But this ‘back-of-an-envelope’ exercise should give you an idea of the scale of the challenge.

[wikipedia.org] – List of countries by iron ore production
[mining.com] – True giants of mining: World’s top 10 iron ore mines

Offshore wind turbine monopile production from steel plate.

Drone Used for Solar Panel Inspection in China

Parameters Baofeng Solar farm: 700 MW, 6.6 km2

Panels trace the sun.

[Google Maps] – Yinchuan, Ningxia, China

[wikipedia.org] – Yinchuan, Ningxia

Read more…

Sino-Myanmar Pipelines

china-pipelines[source]Sino-Burma pipelines refers to planned oil and natural gas pipelines linking Burma’s deep-water port of Kyaukphyu (Sittwe) in the Bay of Bengal with Kunming in Yunnan province of China. The Myanmar section of the gas pipeline was completed on 12 June 2013 and gas started to flow to China on 21 October 2013. The oil pipeline was completed in Aug, 2014. The oil pipeline will have a capacity of 12 million tonnes of crude oil per year. The gas pipeline will allow delivery of natural gas from Burma’s offshore fields to China with an expected annual capacity of up to 12 bcm of natural gas.

On the 29th of January, China opened, with little fanfare, a new oil link through Myanmar… This 2,400km long pipeline runs through some of the most rugged areas on the planet, marked by jagged hills and ridges and dense jungle… The new route however, has one invaluable advantage in eyes of Chinese leaders: it bypasses the Malacca straits, whose infamous waters are infested with pirates… The pipeline shortens the distance the oil will have to travel by sea to reach China by 700 miles. It also cuts by 30% the time this liquid black gold will take to get to the Middle Kingdom… Avoiding the Malacca detour had the other, even more invaluable advantage in the eyes of the Chinese leadership. With 80% of all imported hydrocarbons to China going through the Malacca sea-route, China is vulnerable to having its overseas energy supplies blockaded by the American 6th Fleet during a Sino-U.S. geopolitical crisis… Another even bigger behemoth project is now in the works, a railway line is being discussed, which will follow the route taken by the pipelines. This project has a price tag of $20 billion dollars and would allow China to more easily import Burma’s precious wood and all sorts of other commodities, while also facilitating the flow of Chinese workers to the coast.

china-burmaThe new pipelines circumvent the 805 km narrow passage of the Straits of Malacca.

[en.wikipedia.org] – Sino-Myanmar pipelines

[forbes.com] – With Oil And Gas Pipelines, China Takes A Shortcut Through Myanmar

Carmageddon

Wisdom from the East? Not really, they are repeating all the mistakes the West made. The entire world wants to copy the West, that isn’t too wise either, but at least understands best that the situation is untenable.

[zerohedge.com] – Carmageddon: This Is What 750 Million Chinese Hitting The Road Looks Like

#howtogetridofthecar

The PetroYuan is Born

china-crude-import
Where does China get its crude oil from?

Gazprom has confirmed that since the beginning of the year, all oil sales to China have been settled in renminbi.

china-crude-2013[source]

[zerohedge.com] – The PetroYuan Is Born: Gazprom Now Settling All Crude Sales To China In Renminbi

World’s First Hydrogen-powered Tram Rolls off Assembly Line

We don’t believe in the hydrogen economy, much hyped in the past, for the simple reason that hydrogen does not exist in nature and needs to be produced. That production invariably goes hand in hand with conversion losses. So why would you want to use electricity, generated by solar or wind, to produce hydrogen first, to power a tram with it next. It makes more sense to directly pump the electricity in the grid and use it to power the tram in the conventional way.

Hydrogen perhaps has its place as a means to store energy for selected niche applications in a renewable energy economy, but the best way to store energy is in batteries or pumped hydro storage in mountainous areas.

The hydrogen economy won’t fly as things stand now.

[alternative-energy-news] – Hydrogen-powered tram developed in China

[wikipedia.org] – Hydrogen economy

Efficiency electrolysis water:

Current best processes have an efficiency of 50% to 80%

So you already lost 20-50% in the conversion process electricity –> H2.

An Otto cycle internal-combustion engine running on hydrogen is said to have a maximum efficiency of about 38%, 8% higher than a gasoline internal-combustion engine.

Compare that to the efficiency of an electric motor:

BLDC motors are typically 85–90% efficient or more. Efficiency for a BLDC motor of up to 96.5% have been reported, whereas DC motors with brushgear are typically 75–80% efficient.

See? Hydrogen does not make sense at all in the case of trams.

[phys.org] – Why a hydrogen economy doesn’t make sense

In a recent study, fuel cell expert Ulf Bossel explains that a hydrogen economy is a wasteful economy. The large amount of energy required to isolate hydrogen from natural compounds (water, natural gas, biomass), package the light gas by compression or liquefaction, transfer the energy carrier to the user, plus the energy lost when it is converted to useful electricity with fuel cells, leaves around 25% for practical use — an unacceptable value to run an economy in a sustainable future. Only niche applications like submarines and spacecraft might use hydrogen.

There is no Smog in China

china-smog

[twitter.com]

Let’s Get Concrete

Concrete

Here is a seemingly dull statistic that can be easily overlooked, but behind these figures hides a reality that will soon make itself felt. America is not exactly afraid of concrete. All these ugly soulless unimaginative American parvenu cities are constructed of glass, steel, concrete and nothing else.

Yet, in merely three years time, the Chinese have used more concrete than the US in the entire 20th century. Can you understand what is brewing here? Can you understand how stupid it is to play these silly games with Russia over Ukraine? America is a spend force. In ten years time the US seaboard cities will be jungles, Ferguson’s write large, not to be taken seriously. What really needs to be taken seriously is China!

Helmut Schmidt had it right, yesterday, when he said that Russia’s real concern is China. China is going to be the real one and only super power in a decade or so.

And we are adding that China should be our European concern as well. Everything points towards a rapprochement between Europe and Russia. Not to start a cold war with China, but to at least balance it.

[forbes.com] – China Used More Concrete In 3 Years Than The U.S. Used In The Entire 20th Century

Russia Continuous to Divert Gas from Europe to Asia

russia-china-pipelines
Strategic disaster in the making for Europe, that runs the serious risk of running out of fuel if the Middle-East descends further into chaos.

The Americans can be proud of themselves and their actions in Ukraine, by managing to let their Euro-serfs shoot themselves in the foot, by driving a wedge between Europe and Russia. That’s what you get if you believe that your worst enemy (neocon-run USA) is your savior, a mindset aka as the Atlanticist Faith.

China and Russia will seal an agreement later this year on piped gas from Western Siberia, China’s foreign minister said on Sunday, a deal that will continue Russia’s economic shift towards Asia and away from Western Europe.

This is all to the advantage of China, that now can replace vulnerable overseas supply routes from the Middle-East, that can be interrupted by the US navy, by overland pipelines, leaving the unreliable supply from Muslim lands to the Euro-fools, ‘lead’ by the 1968-generation human rights trash a la Juncker, Merkel and Hollande. As the Middle-East descends ever more into chaos, these supplies become less certain with every passing day.

[russia-insider.com] – China and Russia Set to Finalize Another Major Gas Deal

Printing a House

Youtube text: published April 27, 2014. A Chinese company is using 3D-printed blocks to build cheap and quickly assembled houses as a possible solution to the urgent problem of modernizing housing conditions in Chinese villages. The blocks are made from a mixture of sand, concrete and glass fiber, materials processed from common construction waste, which is pumped layer after layer through the top of a 6.6-meter-tall, 32-meter-long industrial printer.

[lewrockwell.com] – 3D Printed 5-Storey House Shell — China

On March 29, 2014, ten 3D printed houses, each measuring 200 square meters, appeared in Shanghai, China. The buildings were created entirely out of concrete using a gigantic 3D printer, and each costs only 30,000 RMB ($4,800).

china-winsun-3d-printed-villa-six-floor-building-3d-printing-3ders-7

china-winsun-3d-printed-villa-six-floor-building-3d-printing-3ders-21
[3ders.org] – WinSun China builds world’s first 3D printed villa

Read more…

America: Australia’s Dangerous Ally

new_holland
Map from 1818 of ‘New Holland‘ as it was known at the time, even to the British, until at least 1824. Nobody was really that much interested in this vast empty continent, witnessed by the fact that the British deemed it just good enough to make a penal colony out of it. Australia (7.7 m km2) is comparable in size to China (9.5 m km2), but inhabited by merely 23 million people (China 1300 million), facts that likely did not escape the attention of Chinese geostrategists.

John Malcolm Fraser (84) is one of the most senior people Australia can come up with. This distinguished gentleman has just published a long ground-breaking article, in which he advises Australia to distance itself from the United States.

Wikipedia:

Malcolm Fraser (born 21 May 1930) is a former Australian Liberal Party politician who was the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia. He came to power in 1975 through the dismissal of the Whitlam Labor government, in which he played a key role. After three election victories, he was defeated by Bob Hawke in the 1983 election and ended his career alienated from his own party.

Fraser1956
John Malcolm Fraser (1956)

Wikipedia: “Fraser… was educated at Glamorgan and Melbourne Grammar School, before completing a degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1952. At Oxford, Fraser was a classmate and friend of future Canadian cabinet minister and Prime Minister John Turner.” Editor: Fraser (and Turner) were the Australian resp. Canadian servants of the British empire, before Australia and Canada morphed into staunch satellites of the US empire, Anglosphere, the embryonic NWO, the Judaic State or whatever you want to call it.

A few quotes from Fraser’s article:

IT IS time for Australia to end its strategic dependence on the United States. The relationship with America, which has long been regarded as beneficial, has now become dangerous to Australia’s future. We have effectively ceded to America the ability to decide when Australia goes to war…

The idea of American exceptionalism is contrary to Australia’s sense of egalitarianism…

… at the moment, because of U.S. military installations in Australia, if America goes to war in the Pacific, it will take us to war as well—without an independent decision by Australia. Finally, under current circumstances, in any major contest in the Pacific, our relationship with America would make us a strategic target for America’s enemies…

The idea of American exceptionalism, which has always been present in the United States, has gone far beyond all comprehension in the years of America’s absolute supremacy…

Our task is not to embrace America, but to preserve ourselves from its reckless overreach…

Wow, what a candid admission, typical made by very senior politicians, with one leg in the grave. The sort of admission secret service expert and former Italian president Francesco Cossiga made when he said in 2007 in the largest Italian newspaper that 9/11 had been carried out by the Mossad and CIA, when he was 79 and was suffering from terminal cancer. Or US congressman Paul Findley, who in 2007 at the age of 86, claimed that the US was basically an Israeli colony. Courageous people are few, but do exist.

The article is a long read. But the essence is that Fraser accuses the US to be not interested in world peace and as such is a threat to all others. Fraser hints that the West is at least as guilty for the Ukrainian mess as is Russia and blames NATO of breaking its promise to Russia not to expand eastwards. Fraser says that basically Russia had no choice but to merge with Crimea, because of the Russian military facilities there. But Fraser is a little naive if he thinks that the current mess in Ukraine is the result of ‘failure of US diplomacy’, instead of what it really is: a naked, raw US power grab.

Fraser does not believe in a western defeat of the Islamic State nor that the West has any chance of long term success in Afghanistan. Furthermore, Fraser is afraid that an assertive nationalist and militarist Japan, possibly armed with long-range nuclear weapons in the near future, could become a catalyst for war between the US and China, now that the US has sided with Japan in the Chinese-Japanese dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyu islands.

Fraser concludes that since the US could not win the conflict with Vietnam, it almost certainly can’t win a military conflict with China. And since Australia is allied to the US, Australia would become the defeated ally of a defeated superpower, without any friends in the region. In 1991, Australia was not as tightly integrated with the US as it is now, a development that Fraser deplores and was supported by both major Australian political parties.

malcolm-fraser
Malcolm Fraser today, sadder and wiser, does not believe in a second American Century and fears for a Chinese future of Australia.

Editor: as always, you need to read between the lines of what this Australian old political fox is saying. Fraser is clearly afraid of China. He does not believe in a second American Century. He fears that the United States will likely loose a military confrontation with China, if push comes to shove. And that by implication, the Australian Lebensraum automatically would become a tasty prey for the victorious Chinese superpower. And that Euro-Siberia, if that were to happen, won’t lift a finger to protect Australia (he is correct, they won’t).

Australia’s cards are very weak. Fraser admits that Australia has no friends, apart from the United States and yet pleads for Australia to distance itself from the only friend Australia has. And Euro-Siberia will be relieved to see Australia as a safety valve for Chinese expansionism, if any. Better Australia than Siberia, you hear them think.

[nationalinterest.org] – America: Australia’s Dangerous Ally

Read more…

Highspeed Rail Concentration in China

china-fasttrain[source]
CRH380 harmony bullet at a Wuhan high-speed train maintenance base

The two largest Chinese train builders, CNR and CSR will merge into one company with 170,000 employees, for the purpose of competing on world markets against Alstom-France, Siemens-Germany and Bombardier-Canada in the highspeed rail segment. So far, Chinese products are mainly based on German, French and Japanese technology, but the ambition is to change that.

[spiegel.de] – China verkündet Mega-Fusion der Zugbauer
[wikipedia.org] – Schnellfahrstrecke

High_Speed_Railroad_Map_of_Europe_2015.svg
High-speed Railroad Map Europe 2015

Eastern_Asia_HSR2013.svg
High-speed Railroad Map East Asia 2013

High_Speed_Railroad_Map_of_the_United_States_2013.svg
High-speed Railroad Map United States 2013

The Cost of Solar Modules

Polysilicon_solar_cell[source]

GTM Research investigated what in 2014 the costs are of producing a multicrystalline silicon solar panel, excluding marketing, transport, administration, warranty, etc. Result:

50 cent/kw (China)

Next in line of cheap producers: Malaysia, Taiwan and the US (68 cent/kw).

2014_module_mfg_costs
Cost structure solar module 2014

[greentechmedia.com]

Altay Pipeline Deal

map_altai_eng[source]

Russia, sick and tired of the behavior of the Atlanticist leaning EU cowards, who do everything satanic Washington tells them to do, in casu a useless fight over Ukraine, even if it is totally against their own interest, has signed an agreement with China for the construction of a second pipeline. Good for Russia. After completion, China will have replaced the EU as the largest customer of Russian gas. It should be realized that Russian gas deliveries to the EU cannot not be replaced. If the Euro-fools would really anger Russia even more, Putin can simply shut off all gas deliveries and bring industrial civilization in Europe to a complete standstill.

Maybe we should even hope for such an event, as industrial civilization in its present form will stop sooner or later anyway. A depression could provoke a ‘European Spring’ and confrontation with the spineless 1968 establishment and force them to abdicate, just like their colleagues in eastern Europe in 1989, declare independence from Washington and turn to Moscow. Hundred years ago fascism and national socialism were defense mechanisms against the threat of the far more murderous Bolshevism from the east, that began to consolidate in the early twenties, with Europe as the next item on their to-do list. Expect similar defense mechanisms to occur against the threat of Islamization, the latest leftist establishment pet project, on orders of Washington. Bolshevism, fascism and national socialism were reactions to dire economic circumstances, resulting from World War One. A new depression could unleash unforeseen political movements. Are you sure you want this, Europe? You can still save your neck by lifting all sanctions against Russia and give Washington the finger, but time is clearly running out.

[nu.nl]

A Century of US Demonization Propaganda

Putin the Tyrant[source]

Typical US propaganda in action. Just show a picture of a crying woman and link it to Putin. It is simplistically crude, but the US boobs…

al_bundy

…will fall for it, after all, aren’t we exceptional or what?! Anglosphere is the demonization champ in world history.

Read more…

China Invests in Russian Solar Panel Production

tatarstan-map[source]

Who: Solar Systems, subsidiary of China’s Amur Sirius
Where: Tatarstan
How much: $1 billion investment volume for 100 MW/year panel production

Russian law requires that panels sold in Russia are to be produced in Russia.

[rt.com] – China expected to invest $1bn in Russian solar energy

This Is How a 200MW Solar Plant Looks Like

jinko-solar-200mw-plant[source]

Location: Jin Chang, Gansu Province, China
Power production: 300 million kWh/year
Investment: $300 million (RMB1.8 billion)
Size: 11,416 acres
Status: completed and connected to the grid

[jinkosolar.com] – JinkoSolar Partners with Jinchuan Group to Complete and Connect the First Phase of China’s Largest 200 MW PV Plant

China’s High-Speed Rail Network in 2020

Chinas-high-speed-rail-network-in-2020[source]
If you define high-speed as 200 khm or higher, China will have a network of 25,000 km (16,000 mi) by 2020.

[wikipedia] – High-speed rail in China

High_Speed_Railroad_Map_of_Europe_2013.svg[source]
Situation Europe 2013. For 2020 a high-speed network is planned of 15,000 km [source].

[wikipedia] – High-speed rail in Europe

Chinese Energy Import Patterns 2011

energy china import countries 2011[source]
Note extreme Chinese vulnerability with most energy shipping destined for China passing the Strait of Malacca.

[zerohedge.com] – Why China wants control of the South China Sea in 10 charts
[zerohedge.com] – Fueling the New World Order: where does China import its crude oil from?

$400B Russian-Chinese Gas Deal

russia-china-gasdeal
Well done, America! By investing merely $5B in the overthrow of a legitimately elected democratic government in Kiev, using neo-nazi useful idiots as a tool for the dirty work, Washington managed to drive Russia into the arms of China and en passant deprive Europe of $400 billion worth of fossil fuel that cannot be replaced in the process. And you bet this was on purpose. Everything was done to prevent a rapprochement between Europe and Russia and keep Europe in a subservient position to the US. This could only happen due to Europe having no credible leadership, unlike Russia and China. It is time that Europe reconsiders its relationship with the US, get rid of Washington and NATO and go Eurasian.

One significant aspect though is that the gas will no longer be paid in dollar. And why should it? China has a broad palette of products to offer in exchange for natural gas from Russia.

[rt.com] – Russia and China seal historic $400bn gas deal
[rt.com] – ​‘EU has no reason to worry Russia-China gas deal will affect supplies’
[infowars.com] – Who needs the United States? Not Russia and China
[lewrockwell.com] – Eric Margolis: The Deal of the Century
[spiegel.de] – 30-Jahres-Vertrag mit China: Was Putins Gas-Deal für Europa bedeutet

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