DeepResource

Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “Denmark”

1 GW Electrolyser in Esbjerg

The port of Esbjerg, bustling with offshore activity.

Esbjerg, the unofficial capital of North Sea offshore wind, will harbor a 1 GW electrolyser to produce green hydrogen from North Sea offshore wind, the largest in Europe. Estimated hydrogen production: 90,000 mt/year. Planned production start date: 2024. Project developer, the Swiss company H2 Energy Europe. The company has experience with producing green hydrogen in Switzerland and fuels a local fleet of 50 trucks, a number that will grow to 1600 in the coming years. H2 Energy partners with the Norwegian electrolyser company Nel Hydrogen.

[spglobal.com] – H2 Energy’s 1 GW Danish green hydrogen project to supply trucks, stations, industry
[offshorewind.biz] – Large-Scale Offshore Wind-to-Hydrogen Project in Denmark
[investindk.com] – Major green hydrogen power-to-x facility planned in Esbjerg
[Google Maps] – Esbjerg

Danish Energy Island Design

The design of a Danish renewable energy in the middle of the North Sea is taking shape.

[gottliebpaludan.com] – Energy islands with minimal environmental impact
[dhigroup.com] – Why use sand over hard structures to protect energy islands

Installation Ships for 20+ MW Wind Turbines Ordered

Two GustoMSC™ designed NG-20000X jackup ships, capable of handling 20+ MW offshore wind turbines, have been ordered at COSCO Shipping Heavy Industry by Cadeler. Expected delivery date: 2024-2025. GustoMSC is a daughter company of NOV. These ships will be the largest in the industry. Siemens has already reserved the future vessel for work at a UK wind farm.

[offshorewind.biz] – NOV to Design and Equip Cadeler’s New X-Class Offshore Wind Jack-Ups
[nl.wikipedia.org] – GustoMSC (NL)
[cadeler.com] – Cadeler corporate site (DK)
[wikipedia.org] – COSCO (CN)
[nov.com] – We power the industry that powers the world (US)

Maersk Methanol-Fueled Container Ship by 2023

7 years earlier than previously planned, Danish shipping company Maersk will have the world’s first carbon-neutral ship in operation, fueled by methanol.

Ship builder: Hyundai
Propulsion system: MAN Energy Solutions
Size of ship: 172 m
Cargo ship: 2100 TEU
Energy source methanol: solar
Renewable methanol producer: European Energy
Location of pv-power generation: Southern Jutland, Denmark
Location of power-to-methanol facility: yet to be decided
Annual e-methanol volume: 10,000 tonnes
Area of shipping operation: Baltic

[maersk.com] – Maersk signs shipbuilding contract for world’s first container vessel fueled by carbon neutral methanol
[maersk.com] – Maersk secures green e-methanol for the world’s first container vessel operating on carbon neutral fuel
[europeanenergy.com] – Corporate site

Read more…

Vestas Invests in Crane for 200m+ Onshore Installations

Keyword: “Salamander Quick Lift”. One is reminded of the Lagerwey-technology, that also uses the wind tower as part of the crane. Wind tower installation minimalism in action.

[windpowermonthly.com] – Wind turbine manufacturer Vestas invests in Swedish crane technology for 200 metre-plus lifting
[stena.com] – S&L Access Systems with Stena AB as Majority Shareholder Partners up with Vestas
[deepresource] – Lagerwey – Installing a Wind Mill Without External Crane

Formation European Offshore Wind Foundation Alliance

Five European offshore wind foundation companies have formed an alliance, named OWFA, in order to streamline coordination with the EU and kindly remind the latter of its ambitious 2050 decarbonization program (and shove in the billions while they are at it).

The objectives in their own words:

  • Advocate for EU policy supporting the ramp-up of offshore wind in line with the Green Deal targets and adding European jobs in line with the Industrial Strategy;
  • Ensure foundation suppliers take the lead in setting standards and certification processes that concern them;
  • Establish a level playing field ensuring the sustainable manufacturing of offshore wind foundations;
  • Make sure EU member states maintain sufficient maritime space for offshore wind projects.

Participants:

[offshorewindfoundations.eu] – OWFA consortium site

TetraSpar Floating Offshore Wind Turbine

Meet mr Henrik Stiesdal, mr Modern Windturbine:

Henrik Stiesdal (born April 14, 1957) is a Danish inventor and businessman in the modern wind power industry. In 1978, he designed one of the first wind turbines representing the so-called “Danish Concept” which dominated the global wind industry through the 1980s. Until 2014, Stiesdal was the Chief Technology Officer of Siemens Wind Power. During his professional career, Stiesdal has made more than 175 inventions and has received more than 650 patents related to wind power technology.

Currently, he is involved with the development of TetraSpar floating wind turbine. His goal: provide the world with affordable offshore wind, almost irrespective of location, read: water depth. Only wind speeds will matter.

TetraSpar turbines can be deployed at 100-1000+ meter water depth. No need for expensive specialized installation vessels; they can be completely assembled at the port, using regular crane infrastructure and towed to its final destination and moored there. Soon, 15 MW floating wind turbines will be operational. Manufacturing takes place indoors, parts can be assembled outside without welding.

[stiesdal.com] – Henrik Stiesdal personal website
[stiesdal.com] – Tiesdal TetraSpar
[wikipedia.org] – Henrik Stiesdal
[wikipedia.org] – Floating wind turbine

Read more…

Application of CSP in Agriculture

[aalborgcsp.com] – 36.6 MW integrated energy system based on CSP in Australia
[deepresource] – Growing Crops in the Australian Desert with Seawater

Vestas 15 MW Preselected for German Offshore Windfarm

The Vestas 15 MW offshore wind turbine is merely 5 months onto the market, and already it has a good chance of being deployed in the upcoming 900 MW German offshore wind park “He dreiht”.

[offshorewind.biz] – EnBW First to Select Vestas 15 MW Offshore Wind Turbine
[de.wikipedia.org] – Offshore-Windpark He dreiht
[4coffshore.com] – EnBW He Dreiht Offshore Wind Farm

Denmark’s €29B Energy Islands

Rosneft and Vestas Sign Cooperation Aggreement

[source]

Wind energy finally taking off in Russia. The Russians know better than anybody else that their conventional oil and gas reserves are finite, certainly in the light of enormous Eurasian demand for their fossil fuel products.

Earlier they had signed an agreement with the small Dutch wind manufacturer Lagerwey (currently owned by German Enercon), now Moscow puts wind developments into higher gear by cooperating with the world’s largest manufacturer Vestas.

The parties agreed to study potential sites for the construction of wind farms for the energy supply of Rosneft facilities and to determine the composition of energy equipment. In addition, the agreement provides for the supply, installation and maintenance of equipment.

It can be foreseen that Rosneft will follow the example of other European oil majors, like Shell and Total, and diversify its energy business into renewables.

[energycentral.com] – Rosneft and Vestas Rus Signed Agreement on Wind Power
[tass.com] – Rosatom and Dutch Lagerwey set up joint venture to produce wind turbines in Russia
[rechargenews.com] – Rosatom completes Russia’s largest wind farm with Lagerwey turbines
[dvhn.nl] – Russen leren bij Lagerwey alles over windenergie

Kriegers Flak OWF Installation Complete (604 MW)

[offshorewind.biz] – Denmark’s Largest Offshore Wind Farm Stands Complete

Vestas CETEC Rotor Blade Recycling Project

Many detractors of wind energy, especially those in North-America, love to point at mostly imaginary landfills with stacked rotor blade junk, carelessly dumped there after 20-30 years of operation. The criticism usually comes from those who couldn’t give a damn about the environment in the first place.

Although it made perfect sense for engineers to concentrate first on designing robust industrial strength wind turbines, something needed to be done to deal with this PR-imperfection.

Vestas took up the gauntlet and initiated CETEC (Circular Economy for Thermosets Epoxy Composites), aiming at 100% recycling of rotor blades at the end of their life-cycle. A Danish R&D-cluster has developed a 2-step process to deal with the problem once and for all:

Firstly, thermoset composites are disassembled into fibre and epoxy. Secondly, through a novel chemcycling process, the epoxy is further broken up into base components similar to virgin materials. These materials can then be reintroduced into the manufacturing of new turbine blades, constituting a new circularity pathway for epoxy resin.

New turbine blades from old ones. Leave it to Denmark.

[offshorewind.biz] – Vestas Leads Project to Make Wind Turbine Blades Fully Recyclable

[source] Iconic Wyoming rotor blade grave. A solution from Europe is underway.

Today’s Renewable Energy Headlines

[twitter] Amsterdam 1953. No.Ugly.Cars.

[offshorewind.biz] – Finland Sheds More Light on Major Offshore Wind Project

Finnish state-owned enterprise Metsähallitus plans to have the Korsnäs offshore wind farm up and running as early as 2028. Metsähallitus, which is currently in the process of selecting a partner to jointly develop the project, said that the wind farm, located some 15 kilometres off the coast of the municipality of Korsnäs, will have a minimum capacity of 1,400 MW.

Read more…

Ørsted Now in Solar and Storage Too

Permian Energy Center in Andrews County, Texas.

The company’s first utility-scale solar plus battery storage project of 460MWAC reaches commercial operation, making Ørsted the first developer to operate the full spectrum of new renewable technologies at utility scale in the US.

420 MW PV and 40 MW battery storage. 1.3 million solar panels, sufficient to provide 80,000 households with electricity. Installed next to oil fields (to intimidate?). Legacy project from US developer Lincoln Clean Energy, which Ørsted bought in 2018.

[orsted.com] – Ørsted completes Permian Energy Center
[pv-magazine-usa.com] – Another giant makes its home in Texas
[Google Maps] – Andrews County, Texas

How the site looked like in 2019.

EU & US Climate Targets “Gold” for Renewable Energy Industry

[source]

The Danish Sydbank has given the green light to the renewable energy industry as one of the key areas where huge profits (“gold”) can be made:

Vestas is flying on the stock exchange in Copenhagen in Thursday’s trading, where the presentation of new climate targets from the US government helps to pull up sharply.

And it is worth its weight in gold for a company like Vestas that there is firm political support for the development of renewable energy, says Sydbank.

– It may not do anything for Vestas ‘2021 forecast, but political support for green transition is the foundation for Vestas’ growth journey in the coming years, writes Jacob Pedersen, head of equity analysis at Sydbank, on Thursday in an analysis.

According to announcements from President Joe Biden on Thursday, the United States will halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. The comparison year is 2005.

This follows right after the EU countries on Wednesday agreed to reduce CO2 emissions by 55 per cent. by 2030. Previously, the target was 40 per cent.

The two ambitious policy goals are extremely important signals in the environmental agenda that is currently emerging around the world. There is a long way to go to meet the ambitious goals, and not all the goals have been approved yet, but the direction is clear, writes Jacob Pedersen.

And the direction is worth gold for Vestas. The company is in an enviable position as the world’s largest wind turbine manufacturer and thus a supplier of solutions that are central to promoting the sustainability agenda and ultimately also fulfilling the politicians’ ambitious goals, he continues.

What applies to Vestas, applies to most other companies in the renewable energy realm. Never before in history has a branch of energy production been so heavily promoted, nay, tied to the survival of mankind itself, than renewable energy. There will be zero problems in finding funds to finance the transition. Expect pension funds to go at each other’s throat for the privilege of throwing billions at new offshore wind parks.

[sydinvest.dk] – Vestas / Sydbank: US climate targets lift the share
[wikipedia.org] – Sydbank

Investors Lining Up for Danish Energy Island

COPENHAGEN (Reuters) -Wind farm developer Orsted plans to submit a joint bid with Danish pension fund ATP to finance and build the world’s first energy island in the North Sea.

The artificial island, which will produce and store enough green energy to cover the electricity needs of 3 million European households, was approved by Danish lawmakers in February as part of the country’s ambitious climate targets.

[atp.dk] – Ørsted and ATP team up for bid on North Sea energy island
[reuters.com] – Orsted plans bid for North Sea renewables energy island
[offshorewind.biz] – Ørsted and ATP to Submit Bid for Danish Energy Island

EU Companies Start Offshore Wind Scene in the US

[source]

Ørsted of Denmark and EEW of Germany are building an offshore wind monopile manufacturing facility in Paulsboro, New Jersey, USA, to finally make offshore wind happen in North-America, after every developed nation in Eurasia has done so for years.

The Netherlands, that has traditionally excellent business ties in the US (after all, they were the first to colonize the joint), will play a major role in offshore installation, with names like Heerema, van Oord and Shell:

Heerema will participate in the construction of Martha’s Vineyard OWP.

The entire wind sector in the US is dominated by European companies and this is unlikely to change, with names like Iberdrola of Spain and Enel of Italy. Where after the war, US companies served European energy needs for decades with names like Esso, Texaco, Exxon-Mobile, it’s high time that Europe returns the favor and shows some gratitude.

The era of the Anglo Seven Sisters is over. Move over, here come the European Seven Brothers of renewable energy. And with it will come geopolitical dominance. Europe is returning to America, after it began to leave in 1783. The immense political polarization of the US today doesn’t bode well for the unity of the country. The USSR split up in 15 pieces after 1991, after communism failed. A similar process is to be expected for the US and will create a power vacuum, that will enable the Europeans to get a hold over parts of its former colony once again, by separating the hotheads in a likely future conflagration, that could turn very bloody. The likely expansion of China in East-Asia will do the rest or could even initiate the destabilization of the social order in North-America.

[offshorewind.biz] – Constr. Starts on US Largest Offshore Wind Manufacturing Hub
[offshorewind.biz] – Ørsted and EEW Plan Monopile Factory in New Jersey
[maritiemnederland.com] – Heerema bouwt aan eerste grote offshore windpark VS
[Google Maps] – Paulsboro Marine Terminal | Holt Logistics, LLC
[areadevelopment.com] – EEW and Ørsted Plan Paulsboro, New Jersey, Offshore Wind Turbine Component Manufacturing Plant

Haldor Topsoe Claims 90%+ Electrolysis Efficiency

The world of science and technology is struggling to determine which electrolysis method is the best to enable the emerging hydrogen economy. Candidates are PEM, alkaline, HTE, SOEC (Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Cell) and others.

The Danish company Haldor Topsoe has announced it will set up a SOEC electrolyzer production line of 500 MW/year, operational by 2023 and which should culminate in 5 GW/year eventually. Haldor Topsoe claims an electrolysis efficiency of higher than 90%.

SOEC electrolyzers typically operate at 500-850 °C, in order to enable these high efficiencies. But obtaining water at these temperatures costs energy in itself. One promising solution could be the application of concentrated solar power (CSP), where huge PV-solar arrays in the desert and an accompanying CSP-plant, feed electrolyzers with both electricity and hot pressurized water.

[wikipedia.org] – Solid oxide electrolyzer cell
[blog.topsoe.com] – Solid oxide electrolysis cell technology
[science.org] – Recent advances in solid oxide cell technology for electrolysis
[deepresource] – Taking an Electrolyzer Apart
[greencarcongress.com] – Haldor Topsoe to build large-scale SOEC electrolyzer manufacturing facility

Taking an Electrolyzer Apart

Youtube text, questions answered:

01:11​ How does an electrolyser work? (tabletop electrolysis demonstration)
01:49​ What are the components in an electrolyser?
02:30​ What consumables does the process use?
03:17​ How can we make electrolysis more efficient?
04:25​ What are the advantages of alkaline water electrolysis compared to PEM (polymer electrolyte membrane) or SOEC (solid oxide electrolyser cell)?
05:09​ How much does an electrolyser cost? (levelized cost of hydrogen, capex, efficiency)
06:07​ What do you do with the oxygen after you split water?
06:39​ Electrolyser tour: an up-close look at a real electrolyser
08:06​ Do you have to use pure water for electrolysis, or can polluted or salt water be used?
08:46​ How much hydrogen can a shipping container sized electrolyser produce?
09:02​ Applications for hydrogen: will we use hydrogen to store and generate electricity?
09:46​ What about the low efficiency of using electricity to make hydrogen instead of just using electricity directly?
11:01​ How do you calculate the efficiency of an electrolyser? (electrolysis thermoneutral voltage)
12:06​ How much more efficient can electrolysis get?
12:26​ What kinds of improvements are needed to improve efficiency?
12:59​ How long will it take to develop a more efficient electrolyser?
13:16​ Is it realistic that the price of hydrogen can come down as quickly as it is predicted to?

[greenhydrogen.dk] – Company site
[offshorewind.biz] – GHS to Deliver Electrolysers for H2RES Project
[energywatch.eu] – Green hydrogen marvel bound for blockbuster IPO

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