DeepResource

Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “France”

Tour de France

Tour de France, about 4000 km in 23 days. The electricity yield of 1 solar panel over 23 days (35 kWh) would suffice to power an e-bike for that course. The graph compares results for a pedelec, e-motor-bike, e-train and e-car.

47.6% Efficiency with III-V Four-Junction CPV Cell

Fraunhofer ISE have improved the performance of a cell structure originally developed by France’s Soitec in 2014. The German scientists managed to reduce resistance losses and the reflection on the cell front side… French CPV specialist Soitec, which originally developed the cell structure, achieved a 46% efficiency for one of its most powerful devices back in 2014.

[pv-magazine.com] – Fraunhofer ISE achieves 47.6% efficiency with III-V four-junction CPV cell

SNCF Introduces Light Train Platform

YouTube text:

The innovative Light Train is a project carried out within the framework of a consortium bringing together 10 partners led by SNCF: Thales, Texelis, CAF, Wabtec-Faiveley Transport, Railenium, Ferrocampus, Alstom, Capgemini, Cerema and Ektacom. Its objective is to revitalize the “small railway lines” by offering more services at controlled costs. Thanks to the use of the most advanced technologies and a new system approach integrating operation, rolling stock and infrastructure, the innovative Light Train will lead to an overall reduction of 30% in costs over its entire life cycle. The train itself will be built around a single modular platform that can be fitted out according to all types of needs, passengers and even freight. Its low weight and the use of high-performance electric motors using batteries, or even a combination of batteries and hydrogen fuel cells, will greatly limit its carbon footprint. The technological innovations brought about by the project will have a direct impact on the passenger experience with in particular the installation of flexible suspensions, less aggressive for the tracks. The same, the integration of a single driver’s cabin in the center of the train will give more space and light to passengers. Other innovations will make traffic flow more fluid, such as the digitization of the driver’s interface, which will integrate driving assistance solutions (automation). The modernization of the signalling, relayed directly in the cabin, will do away with equipment on the ground and the monitoring of the train and its surroundings will be carried out by the train itself. When it is put on the market in 2029, the innovative Light Train will enrich the TER offer for the territories. It will circulate on the small lines and will ensure the connection with the main railway axes which irrigate the hexagon. The innovative Light Train could be supplemented by other innovative mobility solutions such as DRAISY (for lightly used lines) and FLEXY (for lines that no longer receive any traffic), also industry framework developed by SNCF in the…

Brexit Fallout – France Cancels Subsea Interconnectors

[spglobal.com] -France suspends 4.8-GW subsea transmission project to UK – The Connexion
[bloomberg.com] – France Rejects Power Cable to U.K. Due to Brexit Uncertainty

Green Hydrogen of €2.87/kg Coming up in Portugal

A group including some of Europe’s biggest energy players aims to demonstrate highly efficient and flexible green hydrogen production on an “unprecedented scale” with the deployment of a 100MW electrolyser in Portugal.

Led by local renewables champion EDPR, the GreenH2Atlantic project in Sines also includes Vestas, Engie and Martifer, as well as Portuguese oil & gas group Galp in an effort to hit a levelised cost of hydrogen of €2.87/kg ($3.24/kg) – a level that would make green H2 significantly more competitive in the market than previously… The partners said they hope to start construction in 2023, with operations beginning in 2025 subject to permitting.

[rechargenews.com] – EDPR, Engie and Vestas join ‘unprecedented’ green hydrogen plan in Portugal
[engie.com] – Developing a 100 MW hydrogen production hub in Sines, Portugal
[fuelcellsworks.com] – Engie: Developing a 100 MW Hydrogen Production Hub in Sines, Portugal
[h2-view.com] – 100MW green hydrogen production project set to support the creation of a hydrogen valley in Sines, Portugal
[deepresource] – Portugal and the Netherlands Plan 1 GW Hydrogen Plant

North Sea Hydrogen Storage Concept Revealed

[Tractebel]

Tractebel and partner companies have developed what they describe as the world’s first offshore infrastructure and processing facilities concept for the storage of hydrogen in offshore caverns.

[tractebel-engie.com] – Original story
[offshorewind.biz] – World’s First Offshore Hydrogen Storage Concept Unveiled
[offshorewind.biz] – Tractebel Unveils Hydrogen-Producing Offshore Platform
[tractebel-engie.com] – Company site
[wikipedia.org] – Tractebel

The Return of EROI – Fossil Fuel Industry Cannibalizing Itself

With ever more declining EROI of fossil fuel, ever more fossil fuel is wasted on harvesting more fossil fuel, enespenrgy that could have been used to build new renewable energy and storage infrastructure.

A team of French government energy scientists are warning that the collapse of the global oil system is coming so rapidly it could derail the transition to a renewable energy system if it doesn’t happen fast enough. In just 13 years, global oil production could enter into a terminal and exponential decline, accompanied by the overall collapse of the global oil and gas industries over the next three decades.

[bylinetimes.com] – OIL SYSTEM COLLAPSING SO FAST It – May Derail Renewables – Warn French Government Scientists
[hal.archives-ouvertes.fr] – Assessing Global Long-Term EROI of Gas: A Net-Energy Perspective on the Energy Transition – Louis Delannoy, Pierre-Yves Longaretti, David Murphy, Emmanuel Prados

Core message: we are going to desperately need all remaining fossil fuel reserves to carry out the renewable energy transition. We should do so as quickly as possible.

Conclusions:

– Peak oil supply around 2034. After that, rapid decline and catastrophic collapse.
– Keep all nuclear power stations open as long as possible. We need all energy sources available to enable the transition.
– Get serious about energy saving, encourage people to abandon the car (and replace it with autonomous driving) and mass tourism flying. Should be no problem with fossil fuel prices going through the roof. Autonomous driving is no longer a technological gimmick, but an essential means to save fuel. As an aside, Covid was a great help in reconditioning people regarding travelling and working from home (“never waste a good crisis”).
– Get tough with those who think we can afford to gamble the farm by annoying Putin-Russia and sabotage Nord Stream 2 further. The insufferable intellectual light-weight Annalena Baerbock comes to mind, the long arm of the US deep state and #1 war monger in Germany. For that reason, a ‘traffic light coalition’ in Germany is undesirable. The FDP should cancel such a coalition in the last moment (like they did before) and instead opt for a ‘Deutschland’-coalition SPD-CDU/CSU-FDP under chancellor Olaf Scholz and “super-European” and “Putin Versteher” Armin Laschet as foreign minister.
– Forget about America, it is a spent force. Not in the least because they are too late with the transition. They will be removed from entire East-Asia soon by China, supported by Korean unification on North-Korean terms. Japan will not allow the US to use its soil for attacks against Chinese forces. Fighting could happen in the Philippines, with China prevailing due to proximity. Europe should remain neutral in the conflict, not to run the risk of getting cut off from essential Russian fossil fuel supplies, necessary to carry out the renewable energy transition FAST. Every unit of fossil fuel, Russia can sell to Europe, they potentially can sell to China, if push comes to shove, provided they can get it there. A new Russian-Chinese pipeline is in the works. Don’t push Russia too far. We have zero interests in further acting as America’s useful idiot and their “One World integration schemes”, of which Germany became the first victim. Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan have shown that it is game over for the US. They know it is over, it is just that the NWO corps hasn’t been buried yet. Leave it to the Chinese to get that job done. Expect America to fall apart after the upcoming defeat in the South China Sea, just like that other globalist zombie, the USSR, did in 1991. For Europe, Russia is the future, essential to contain China and prevent a Chinese-owned planet and set up a multipolar world order instead. New York should be abandoned as the diplomatic capital of the world and replaced by something half-way Europe and China. Half-European, half-Asian Astana in Kazakhstan, equidistant from Europe, China, Japan, India and Muslim world, could be the right location.
– The EU should contemplate banning European companies to further work on Brexit-British offshore wind farms and give priority to building our own.

Paris’ Grand Plan to Become Europe’s Greenest City

World’s Largest Solar-Hydrogen Project in French Guiana

Purpose: 10 MW day, 3 MW night base load renewable solar power, hydrogen storage
Developers: HDF Energy, Siemens
Operator: EDF
Solar: 55 MW
Electrolyser: 16 MW
Fuel cell: 3 MW
Storage: 130 MWh
Location: French Guiana,

[ceog.fr] – Project site

Autonomous Driving in France First?

[source] Imagine all the lines in this map of French motorways and routes nationale to become virtual railway lines, offering high frequency public transport, offered by companies with self-driving vans. This could very well be the unintended (?) consequence of government efforts to make autonomous driving possible. Rather than being a new gadget, autonomous driving could largely kill the privately owned car; not because of some Green Stalin forbidding private car ownership, but because a large segment of the public will snub private car ownership, because it has found a cheaper, more comfortable alternative.

France could very well be the first country in Europe and the world to present a complete regulatory framework for making autonomous driving happen. Planned start date: September 2022.

Germany did adopt new regulations regarding autonomous driving last May, but failed to offer a complete regulatory framework, especially on the liability issue.

[mobile-interieur-gouv-fr] – For the first time in Europe, the Highway Code and the Transport Code are adapting to the arrival of automated driving vehicles on the roads of France
[connexionfrance.com] – France first EU country to adapt its highway code for self-drive cars
[mofo.com] – German Autonomous Driving Act Is Only the Next Step to Self-Driving Cars for Everyone

Volkswagen Moia. This people transporter still has a driver, but he could be phased out eventually, thanks to autonomous driving.

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