Electrolysis of steam rather than liquid water has a much higher efficiency, practically up to 85%, in theory even higher than 100%. Energetically it makes sense to do this if steam is available from an industrial processes, or alernatively from a CSP-plant. In Rotterdam in the Netherlands, a consortium of European organisations is busy building a 2.6 MW plant to electrolyze steam or ca. 65 kg hydrogen/hour. Later they hope to scale that up to 100 MW. The initial project will run until 2024, that is 16,000 operating hours and 960 ton hydrogen produced.
The project involves Neste, worlds’s leading provider of renewable diesel and renewable jet fuel, and as key technology partners the French research organisation CEA, plant builder Paul Wurth, the energy utility ENGIE and the cleantech company Sunfire. The consortium will install, integrate and operate the world’s first high-temperature electrolyser (HTE) system in multi-megawatt-scale. The project consortium led by CEA, as project coordinator, is part of the EU Horizon 2020 FCH2-JU program with an overall funding of EUR 6.9 million.
A group of companies led by French public research organisation CEA plans to install a 2.6-MW high-temperature electrolyser (HTE) to produce green hydrogen in Rotterdam. The capacity could at a later stage be expanded up to 100 MW, according to the announcement on Wednesday.
The project is being developed at Neste’s renewable products refinery in Rotterdam. It will demonstrate the integration of HTE in an industrial refining process. The system will be able to make 60 kg of green hydrogen per hour reaching an electrical efficiency of up to 85% AC to LHV H2.
[sunfire.de] – MULTIPLHY – Green hydrogen for renewable products refinery
[renewablesnow.com] – Neste to host green hydrogen production
[ec.europa.eu] – What is Horizon 2020?
[wikipedia.org] – Horizon Europe
[spglobal.com] – Consortium launches 2.6 MW Rotterdam green hydrogen project
[green-industrial-hydrogen.com] – GrlnHy-2.0 project site (Green Industrial Hydrogen via Steam Electrolysis)
[solarserver.de] – Grüner Wasserstoff für Raffinerie in Rotterdam
Sunfire steam-to-hydrogen electrolyser in a steel factory in Salzgitter, Germany. Capacity 150 kW or 40 Nm3 (40 m3 at 1 bar and 0 C) per hour, with an electrolysis efficiency of more than 80%. In the fuel cell mode, the module in reverse can generate 30 kW.
The French multinational electric utility company ENGIE and the Norwegian chemical company Yara International ASA are combining forces, together with the Australian government, to study the production of green ammonia from renewable hydrogen, intended to be used as a raw material fertilizer and as a means to store renewable energy. The intention is to set up a plant in Pilbara, Western Australia.
Independently, the Australian government has allocated $44m for a green hydrogen project, with an electrolyzer capacity of at least 10MW.
[yara.com] – Yara and ENGIE to test green hydrogen technology in fertilizer production
[renewablesnow.com] – Yara to study ammonia production with green hydrogen
[renewablesnow.com] – Australia opens $44m funding round for green hydrogen
[wikipedia.org] – Yara International
[wikipedia.org] – Engie
Airbus has revealed MAVERIC (Model Aircraft for Validation and Experimentation of Robust Innovative Controls) its “blended wing body” scale model technological demonstrator.
At 2 metres long and 3.2 metres wide, with a surface area of about 2.25m², MAVERIC features a disruptive aircraft design, that has the potential to reduce fuel consumption by up-to 20 percent compared to current single-aisle aircraft. The “blended wing body” configuration also opens up new possibilities for propulsion systems type and integration, as well as a versatile cabin for a totally new on-board passenger experience.
Launched in 2017, MAVERIC first took to the skies in June 2019. Since then the flight-test campaign has been on-going and will continue until the end of Q2 2020.
Airbus expects to save fuel up to 20% per passenger-kilometer.
[airbus.com] – Airbus reveals its blended wing aircraft demonstrator
[cnn.com] – Airbus reveals futuristic blended wing aircraft design
[spiegel.de] – Airbus stellt neues Konzept für Passagierflugzeuge vor
[deepresource] – KLM Aims to Have Scale Model Wing Plane Flying This Year
After 25 years or more service, wind turbine blades of many tonnes need to be taken down and dumped on a landfill. Arkema is working on a solution to make wind rotor blades recyclable.
[wikipedia.org] – Arkema Group
[arkema.com] – Composites innovation: manufacturing of a wind turbine blade in Elium® thermoplastic
[arkema.com] – Elium® resin: a disruptive innovation in the world of composites?
[lowtechmagazine.com] – How to Make Wind Power Sustainable Again
Haliade-X, 12 MW, French-built, General Electric. Generates sufficient electricity for a town of 16,000 homes. Will go in production in 2021 after completion of the test series in Rotterdam Harbor, in the Netherlands.
[ge.com] – Haliade-X 12 MW offshore wind turbine platform
[offshorewind.biz] – GE Unveils Operation Haliade-X 12 MW
[Google Maps] – Location Haliade-X
[sif-group.com] – Openingsceremonie op toekomstige locatie voor prototype Haliade-X 12 MW in Rotterdam
Upbeat report by der Spiegel about the latest Renault K-ZE e-vehicle.
Made in China. 921 kilo. Touchscreen. 300 liter bagage.
Battery 27 kWh, 150 kilo (!).
Max speed 105 kmh. Range 271 km or 350 km at 60 kmh.
10 km = 1 kWh = 10 cent in the US or 20 cent in Europe at 100 kmh speed.
270 km = 2 weeks commuting for 2.70 in the US or 5.40 in Europe.
Price: 10,000 euro if subsidies kick in. Price will probably be a few thousand higher in Europe.
The car will be available in China first in 2020 and perhaps 1-2 years later in Europe.
The argument that e-vehicles are “too expensive” no longer applies.
[spiegel.de] – So gut und günstig kann stromern sein
(So good and cheap can an e-vehicle be)
[elektrischeauto.nl] – RENAULT CITY K-ZE KOMT NAAR EUROPA
Renault K-ZE will be marketed in Europe for ca. 11k. Production in China only.
Cheap printed home from Austin, Texas. Real promise for the third world.
3D-printing opening up the possibility that by the turn of the century, most people on this planet, including territories such as Africa, India and the Philippines, could live in a stone, 3D-printed home, connected to sewage, a local solar power source.
The financial and technological push for this should come from Eurasia, in return for a rigorous birth control program: 2 children and not more. The way to provide these territories with the financial means to pay for it, is to integrate them in a global energy scheme. Sunny territories with an abundance of cheap labor should provide a sizable chunk of the planet’s future hydrogen needs.
[wikipedia.org] – Construction 3D printing
Printed home in Nantes, France
[bbc.com] – The world’s first family to live in a 3D-printed home
In Eindhoven in the South of the Netherlands, houses are to be printed, intended to be sold on the regular commercial market. The innovation is that the homes will have several stories (English subs))
[cnn.com] – A small community of 3D-printed concrete houses is coming to the Netherlands
Europe’s first 3D-concrete printing factory opened in Eindhoven. Interesting is that traditional wooden molds are no longer necessary and that far less cement is being used. Steel concrete enforcement can be printed too.
Very large-scale 3D-printing project in Den Helder in the Netherlands, where a shabby building from the seventies is being upgraded with ca. 1,200 new 3D-printed concrete elements of 2 to 12 m2 each.
First 3D-printed home in Africa (Morocco)
Haliade-X 12 MW tower arrives in Rotterdam Harbor. The wind turbine will be operational later this year and set a new 12 MW standard for offshore wind in 2 years time and will play a central role in the ambitious Dutch plans to roll out 17.5 GW’s worth of wind power (for starters in the twenties):
[ad.nl] – Torens van grootste windturbine ter wereld aangekomen in Rotterdam
[deepresource] – 12MW Haliade Nacelle Underway to the Netherlands
[deepresource] – GE’s 12 MW Haliade-X, To Be Installed In Rotterdam First
[deepresource] – Haliade-X 12 MW Largest Offshore Wind Turbine To Date
[ge.com] – Holland, GE Will Build The World’s Largest Wind Turbine
[portofrotterdam.com] – Haliade-X 12 MW deze zomer geïnstalleerd op Maasvlakte
The “Aeolus”, the most advanced Dutch offshore installer vessel operational in the world today. Europe meanwhile has many of those operating in the North sea, Baltic and Irish Sea. With an improved crane, the Aeolus can handle towers like that of the Haliades-12MW.
ARTE French-German co-production, German language.
Jeremy Rifkind, “internet of energy”, Alstom CEO, Daniel Kaplan, Chris Greenwood, Adam Greenfield, Rand Hindi and others.
Car manufacturer, Groupe Renault, is partnering with French designer and operator of cargo sailing ships, NEOLINE, to reduce the carbon footprint of the Group’s supply chain.
NEOLINE has designed a 136-meter ro-ro with 4,200 square meters of sail area it says has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions by up to 90 percent through the use of wind power primarily, combined with a cost-cutting speed and optimized energy mix.
The vessels will be commissioned by 2020-2021 on a pilot route joining Saint-Nazaire in France, the U.S. Eastern seaboard and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (off the coast of Newfoundland in Canada).
Bordeaux street cars, still with old-fashioned catenary
The French city of Bordeaux was the first to replace the catenary of its street cars and replaced it with a third ground rail. After 2011 the technology has been adopted in Reims, Angers (both France) and Dubai. The system is safe for humans and animals. Wikipedia:
APS uses a third rail placed between the running rails, divided electrically into ten-metre rail segments with three-metre neutral sections between. Each tram has two power collection shoes, next to which are antennas that send radio signals to energise the power rail segments as the tram passes over them. At any one time, two consecutive segments under the tram will be live.
Below, how Bordeaux ground-level power supply looks like:
Atlantis Resources Limited has submitted a strategic plan to the French government that includes a goal to deliver 1 GW of tidal power by 2025 at Le Raz Blanchard in France. The company recently completed a study that concludes 2 GW of tidal energy is immediately available to be harnessed at this site in Normandy and 1 GW could be operational by 2025, with potential to create up to 10,000 jobs and attract more than €3 billion (US$3.65 billion) of CAPEX investment.
[hydroworld.com] – Atlantis announces plans to deliver 1 GW of tidal power by 2025
[4coffshore.com] – Raz Blanchard Tidal Project
[renewableenergymagazine.com] – Atlantis Study identifies 2 GW of tidal energy
[wikipedia.org] – Alderney Race
The French company Alsthom (owned by General Electric) has presented what is the largest offshore wind turbine to date, the Haliade-X, with a nameplate power of 12 MW and a record capacity factor of 63%. One turbine generates enough electricity to power a small city of 16,000 French households. Rotor blades: 107 meter. Yearly production: 67 GWh.
The turbines will be built in Saint-Nazaire, Western France:
[offshorewind.biz] – GE Unveils Operation Haliade-X 12 MW
[gerenewableenergy.com] – HALIADE-X Offshore Wind Turbine Platform
[cleantechnica.com] – GE Announces World’s Most Powerful Offshore Wind Turbine, The Haliade-X
[source] Origin Norsk Hydro 1927.
Nel Hydrogen from Norway, with more than 80 years of experience in producing hydrogen, will build an initial 100 MW power-to-gas plant in Normandy, France between 2018-2020. Investment volume: 45 million euro. The intention is to expand to 700 MW by 2025. The resulting hydrogen will be mixed with natural gas in order to make the fuel “greener” by significantly reducing CO2 emissions.
[news.cision.com] – Nel ASA: Enters into exclusive NOK 450 million industrial-scale power-to-gas framework agreement with H2V PRODUCT
[nelhydrogen.com] – Company site
[wallstreet-online.de] – Nel ASA erhält Auftrag für weltweit größte Wasserstoff-Elektrolyseur-Tankstation
Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is a mode of underground transport in a sealed tube or system of tubes through which a capsule travels free of air resistance or friction conveying people or objects at very high speed of up to 1200 kmh or twice the speed of a short or medium range plane. This would mean that a distance between Paris and Lyon of 466 km would take less than half an hour to bridge. Toulouse announced it will build the world’s first full scale HTT system in the world, for test purposes. Proposed advantages: low energy, silent, fast, 3m tube can be buried underground with no disruption of the landscape. Would make medium range flying, like in Europe, superfluous.
[wikipedia.org] – Hyperloop