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Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “Norway”

Presentation of Norsk e-Fuel

Electrofuels or e-fuels (synthetic fuels) are an emerging class of drop-in replacement fuels that are made by storing energy from renewable sources in the chemical bonds of liquid or gas fuels, aiming to be a carbon-neutral fuel. They are an alternative to aviation biofuel. The primary targets are butanol, biodiesel, and hydrogen, but include other alcohols and carbon-containing gases such as methane and butane.

[norsk-e-fuel.com] – Coming soon: green jet-fuel from Mosjoen, Norway
[wikipedia.org] – Electrofuel

E-fuels criticism:

100 MW Electrolyser for Ammonia Production in Egypt

OCI presenting its nitrogen-based fertilizer business.

Fertiglobe, the chemicals joint venture by Netherlands-listed OCI and Adnoc, selected Plug Power to build a 100-megawatt electrolyser to produce green hydrogen that will be used in ammonia production in Egypt. Fertiglobe is developing the plant in Ain Sokhna with partners Scatec, Orascom Construction and The Sovereign Fund of Egypt. Orascom Construction joined the consortium on Wednesday to develop Egypt’s first green hydrogen project. The plant will produce up to 90,000 tonnes of green ammonia. The chemical compound is an easily transportable form of hydrogen, which serves as an alternative fuel in the transport sector, as well as in decarbonising the grid in Japan.

Egypt has a lot of sun, wind and cheap labor and a fairly stable government. Ideal preconditions to set up an ammonia-production facility, providing feedstock for the world’s largest nitrogen platform Fertiglobe, especially in the light of skyrocketing fossil fuel prices. Once completed, this will be the world’s largest green hydrogen facility… but not for long. Won’t be long until multi-GW hydrogen projects will not only be announced, but implemented for real.

Fertiglobe is the world’s largest export-focused nitrogen fertilizer platform and the largest producer in the Middle East and North Africa with a combined production capacity of 6.5 million tons of urea and merchant ammonia. (OCI)

Project implementation details: Scatec of Norway will oversee the project and is majority stake-holder. Dutch OCI will buy up the ammonia produce for its fertilizer business. US Plug Power will provide the fuel cells for the electrolyser.

[thenationalnews.com] – Fertiglobe picks Plug Power to build 100MW green hydrogen electrolyser for Egypt plant
[globenewswire.com] – Scatec’s Green Hydrogen Consortium in Egypt selects Plug Power for delivery of 100 MW Electrolyser
[oci.nl] – OCI Fertiglobe
[wikipedia.org] – Scatec
[wikipedia.org] – Plug Power

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Yara Birkeland Autonomous Battery Container Vessel

The vessel YARA Birkeland will be the world’s first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. KONGSBERG is responsible for development and delivery of all key enabling technologies including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous ship operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems. A 120 TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) open top container ship. It will be a fully battery powered solution, prepared for autonomous and unmanned operation. The vessel will reduce NOx and CO2 emissions by reducing diesel-powered truck transport by around 40,000 journeys per year. This eco-initiative will help to meet the UN sustainability goals, and improve road safety and congestion… The ship will also be equipped with an automatic mooring system – berthing and unberthing will be done without human intervention, and will not require special implementations dock-side.

The containers contain mainly fertilizer. (Automatic) loading and unloading the cargo takes about as much time as charging the batteries.

In 2019, the share of hydroelectricity in Norway was 93.4%.

Yara Birkeland operational route, HeroyaLarvik (overland 27 km).

[kongsberg.com] – Autonomous Ship Project, Key Facts About Yara Birkeland

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Norwegian Oil & Gas Production Forecast

[source] With a Norwegian population of 5.4 million, for every inhabitant, wealth increases with almost a single barrel of oil per day or $75. As a result, Norway sits on the largest public fund in the world, value 1 trillion $. Norway is a large investor in North Sea renewable energy infrastructure.

OSLO, June 11 (Reuters) – Norway is betting on hydrogen and offshore wind for its energy transition but will continue to extract oil and gas until 2050 and beyond, the outgoing centre-right government said as it presented its long-term energy strategy on Friday.

Europe’s second largest oil and gas producer will continue to hold regular licensing rounds, offering exploration acreage to energy firms, the government said.

[reuters.com] – Norway not ready to let go of oil, gas in push for greener energy

Norway At 84.7% Plugin EV Share In July

[cleantechnica.com] – Norway At 84.7% Plugin EV Share In July

Norway and CO2 emissions

Deutsche Welle documentary about Norwegian carbon sequestration efforts:

Oil nation Norway plans to help fight climate change by capturing and storing Europe’s carbon emissions. The ‘Northern Lights’ project will store captured CO2 emissions in the North Sea. But this procedure is not without risks.

The world is facing a climate catastrophe, and despite rapid growth in renewable energy production, some industries continue to emit vast amounts of CO2 during production processes. Two of these industries are cement and steel, both crucial for the economy. A solution is needed, and Norway believes part of the answer for Europe is carbon capture and storage (CCS).

The country has called its CCS project ‘Northern Lights.’ The plan is to capture CO2 emitted from industrial sites, liquefy it, and then transport the liquefied gas via pipelines to be stored in the North Sea, approximately 3000 meters below sea level.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has said that the only way to limit the global rise in temperature to a maximum of two degrees is to capture and store many billions of tonnes of greenhouse gases. But in Germany people have protested against the use of carbon capture and storage.

The technology has been fraught with problems in the past. And there are other, more natural alternatives. One option could be to restore moorlands and bogs. When wet, these store carbon that has been sucked from the air by plants. But many bogs have been drained for farming, and as drained moorlands dry, CO2 is produced, meaning they have become a source of pollution rather than carbon storage. Reversing this and returning them to their carbon storing potential could be relatively inexpensive, as well as being a more natural way of reducing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

This documentary weighs up the pros and cons of CCS and investigates why the restoration of moorlands has hardly progressed in years.

Hexicon Wind Farm Principle

Hexicon is a Swedish offshore wind design, where floating twin rotors are automatically direct themselves towards prevailing winds. Recently, a scale model was successfully tested in the Marin test center in the Netherlands. The next step is to evaluate the test data in order to achieve a pilot at Metcentre in Norway in 2023.

[hexicon.eu] – Developer site
[offshorewind.biz] – Hexicon Completes Model Test for Its Two-Turbine Floater

Dutch test site Marin

Novel Floating Wind Concept

A small Norwegian startup (2017, 3 employees) has proposed a new concept to harvest wind power: a sort of floating windscreen, see picture. Interestingly, they attracted the attention of Aibel, a serious oil company of 4000 employees.

At first sight, this concept could be interpreted as one giant wind rotor, smeared out as it were over many smaller rotors, and as such offering single-stop maintenance advantages. Additionally, the rotors are attached to a 3D mesh or grid, rather than to a single monolithic monopile, offering new construction possibilities and extra stiffness, with less material and weight. Note that this principle can only be applied to floating wind, as the entire screen needs to be able to rotate around a virtual vertical ax to keep it directed to the wind. An additional advantage is that it occupies less “sea space” per MW, which the fishing industry and shipping will love.

This structure is said to be able to provide electricity for 80,000 households.

[windcatching.com] – Company site
[offshorewind.biz] – Multi-Turbine Floater Unveiled, Costs Said to Be On Par with Fixed-Bottom OW
[4coffshore.com] – Norwegian company unveils wind sail floating solution
[aibel.com] – Aibel company site

Nordlink Subsea Cable Germany-Norway Inaugurated

The European super grid got more integrated today with the inauguration of the Nordlink subsea cable Germany-Norway. German wind power gets connected with Norwegian pumped hydro storage capacity. Cable capacity: 6 million households. Owners: Norwegian transmission system operator StatNett (50%), Dutch grid operator TenneT (25%) and German bank KfW (25%).

[wikipedia.org] – Nordlink
[tennet.eu] – NordLink – the “green cable” – between Germany and Norway is now fully in operation
[deepresource] – Our Nordlink posts

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Rystad Predicts 250 GW Offshore Wind by 2030

The offshore wind industry’s global installed capacity is set to exceed 250 gigawatts (GW) by 2030, driven by a surge in coming projects, a Rystad Energy report shows. The combined capital and operational expenditure for the decade is set to add up to an eye-popping $810 billion, signaling an increasing shift of investments from oil and gas to renewable energy technologies.

The cumulative installed capacity of global offshore wind projects climbed to 33 GW in 2020 – a significant achievement for an industry that has nearly tripled its size since 2016. We expect the world’s installed capacity to hit an estimated 109 GW by 2025 and rise further to 251 GW by 2030, growing by 22% a year on average.

[rystadenergy.com] – An expenditure splash of $810 billion is expected for the offshore wind industry this decade

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