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Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “Russia”

Completion North Stream 2 Could Begin Soon

[izwest.livejournal.com]

A Russian vessel capable of completing the pipelaying for the Gazprom-led Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline project left a German port on Wednesday and entered Danish waters where the last section of the controversial pipeline has yet to be completed.

[oilprice.com] – Russia-led Nord Stream 2 Gas Pipeline Could Be Completed Soon

Oilprice.com quotes Reuters:

[uk.reuters.com] – Russian vessel able to complete Nord Stream 2 pipeline departs from German port

However, at the time of writing this post, the Fortuna is indeed no longer moored at Mukran, but is NOT heading for Danish waters, but instead is anchored at the German port of Rostock:

[marinetraffic.com] – Fortuna position

Although there are clear signs that the US is preparing for anti-European sanctions over the pipeline, there are also signs that Europa feels strong enough to finally escape from the grip of the US empire:

[reuters.com] – EU prepares response to Nord Stream U.S. sanctions threat

After all, Europa can play the Eurasian card and team up with Russia and China, something both countries have quietly been hinting at for some time. And Brexit is a great help as well to finally decouple from Anglosphere.

[reuters.com] – China presses Europe for anti-U.S. alliance on trade
[amazon.com] – The End of the American Era
[rt.com] – ‘US losing world leadership, Europe can replace it’
[commondreams.org] – United States: An Obituary

Lagerwey Completes 150 MW Adygea Wind Project in Russia

Russia is late in the renewable energy game, due to its legacy of nuclear, oil & gas, but it has completed its largest wind farm project to date, the Adygea Wind Warm of 150 MW. The turbines are from the Dutch manufacturer Lagerwey: 60 x Lagerwey L100 2.5MW turbines.

The next largest wind farm with an installed capacity of 210 MW will appear in the Kochubeyevsky district of the Stavropol Kray. Overall, by 2023, the firm will install 1 GW of wind farms.

[iamrenew.com] – Rosatom’s 1st and Russia’s Largest Wind Farm Begins Supplying Electricity
[nsenergybusiness.com] – Adygea Wind Farm
[Google Maps] – Wind farm location

Russian FM Lavrov Confirms Nord Stream-2 Will be Built

Nord Stream-2 pipes in the harbor of Sassnitz-Germany, waiting to “get laid”. Symbolically, in the background an offshore installation vessel is moored. That vessel represents the future, the pipes the outgoing fossil fuel era.

…obstacles that have slowed the project’s completion, including Germany’s energy regulator declining to grant a waiver of European Union gas directives to the operators of the pipeline this month, would only result in higher gas prices for Europe, the TASS news agency reported.

Position of two Russian pipe-laying vessels, both currently moored near Sassnitz-Ruegen:

[marinetraffic.com] – Akademik Charskiy
[marinetraffic.com] – Fortune

[reuters.com]

Nord Stream 2 – Pipe Layer Akademik Cherskiy in the Baltic

[source] Nord Stream 2 pipes, at Sassnitz, waiting to be installed in the Baltic.

Russian pipe-laying vessel Akademik Cherskiy has arrived in the Baltic in order to complete the missing last ca. 150 km of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline between Vyborg-Russia and Greifswald-Germany. Most of the work has been done by the Dutch company Allseas, but withdrew itself from the project after the threat of sanctions from the US government, that doesn’t want EU-Russian relations become too cosy.

[marinetraffic.com] – AKADEMIK CHERSKIY
[wikipedia.org] – Nord Stream

North Stream 2 to be Completed

The Russian pipe-layer vessel Akademik Cherskiy has arrived in the Baltic to complete North Stream 2 construction works and create major geopolitical facts.

[marinetraffic.com] – Position Akademik Cherskiy
[112.international] – Russian pipelaying ship arrives in Baltic Sea to complete Nord Stream II construction works
[rt.com] – Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to Germany to be launched before end-2020

Lagerwey L100 – Inside an Efficient Large Wind Turbine

Lagerwey is a grass-roots Dutch wind turbine and tower manufacturer that produces the entire wind turbine chain itself and is around since 1979. Lagerwey has a “special relationship” with Russia in order to get the wind energy revolution off the ground in Russia too by licensing Lagerwey technology to Russian companies.

[lagerwey.com] – Lagerwey company site
[nl.wikipedia.org] – Lagerwey
[windenergie-magazine.nl] – Lagerwey trains Russian wind energy specialists
[climatechangenews.com] – Russia formally joins Paris climate agreement
[lagerwey.com] – Lagerwey and NovaWind launch joint venture Red Wind
[rosatom.ru] – Russian wind industry boosted by joint venture between ROSATOM and Lagerwey

Denmark Approves Nord Stream II Trajectory over its Territory

Major geopolitical event!

Denmark has given the green light for the Russia-led Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to pass through its waters. Copenhagen’s delay in granting permission has been the main hurdle to completing the project on time.

Pipeline expected to be operational before the end of this year.

[rt.com] – Full stream ahead! Denmark removes final hurdle for Russian gas pipeline to Europe
[spiegel.de] – Dänemark erteilt Genehmigung für Nord Stream 2

Nord Stream 2 Update

Two more months and the Nord Stream II pipeline project will be completed, despite a lot of geopolitical pressure to abandon the project. The last remaining hurdle is related to Denmark, that unfortunately is too afraid for US sanctions and so far has refused to grant permission to lay a part of the pipeline in its waters. Putting that part of the pipeline in international waters, is an alternative, but will come at hundreds of millions extra cost. Gazprom has announced it will opt for that solution if the Danes refuse to cooperate. Once that pipeline will be a fait accompli it will remain there, even if unused for a couple of years, until geopolitical conditions will have changed, like a growing rift between the EU and US+UK in the wake of Brexit or a war in the Gulf.

[rt.com] – Pipeline to bring Russian gas to Europe is 3/4 complete
[pipeline-journal.net] – Denmark Under Pressure to Acquiesce to Nordstream 2
[wikipedia.org] – Nord Stream

TurkStream Completed (Nov 2018)

Construction start: May 2017
Completion date: November 2018
Contractor: Dutch company AllSeas B.V. with Pioneering Spirit vessel

Unfortunately this project was second choice for all those who favor good European-Russian relations and would have preferred the construction of South Stream instead, but the Americans managed to arm-twist and intimidate the Bulgarians. In the end of the day however, with weakening US grip on Europe, it is always possible to construct a new leg of say 50 km, directed at Bulgaria.

[wikipedia.org] – TurkStream
[wikipedia.org] – Pioneering Spirit (ship)
[allseas.com] – Company site
[wikipedia.org] – South Stream
[energyworldmag.com] – Serbia, Hungary push for the second line of TurkStream

Progress on the Construction of the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline

Nord Stream 2

With 1,222 km the longest sub-sea pipeline in the world. The US are against building Nord Stream 2, but 66% of the German population wants to see the pipeline build. Construction of Nord Stream 2 began in May 2018. The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2019.

Nord Stream I = 55 billion m3/year
Nord Stream II = 55 billion m3/year

That’s an amount of energy of 110 billion m3 gas = 1100 billion kWh or 1100 billion / 0.5 billion Europeans = 2200 kWh per European per year.

Rationale: supply security, read become independent from unreliable overland intermediaries like the Ukraine.

[wikipedia.org] – Nord Stream
[dw.com] – War and fuel: Angela Merkel’s headaches in Russia talks
[thelocal.de] – Construction begins on gas pipeline connecting Germany to Russia

German AfD populists pressing to get the pipeline built, explicitly calling to ignore US demands

Wire Up Geothermal Heat With Graphene

Two Russian scientists discovered that graphene can have exceptionally large thermal conductivity, up to 5300 W/(m.K), something like 12,000 times better than copper and got rewarded with the Nobel Prize in 2010. Watch the video below showing how you can cut though ice with a graphene blade, using heat from your fingers. The Manoj Bhargava Indian billionaire thinks that graphene (carbon) cables could revolutionize how we extract heat from geothermal wells and distribute heat and invests in the technology. The idea is to abandon the concept of geothermal heat transfer through fluid motion, and instead use thermal conductivity of graphene to bring heat to the surface of the earth via wires, without moving material, pumps and pipes.

[wikipedia.org] – Manoj Bhargava
[phys.org] – Physicists show unlimited heat conduction in graphene
[wikipedia.org] – Graphene
[thinkgeoenergy.com] – Could a new approach to thermal conductivity revolutionise geothermal?
[futurism.com] – Thanks to Graphene, We May Harness The “Limitless Energy” Beneath Earth’s Surface
[graphene-info.com] – Graphene thermal conductivity

Russian Tanker Crosses Arctic Alone

Breakthrough, pun intended. For the first time did a gastanker manager to plow itself a way through the ice of the North Pole alone, without the aid of an ice-breaker, to take the shortest route between Hammerfest in Norway and Boryeong in South Korea. The journey last 19 days, 30% shorter than the traditional route via the Suez Canal.

[theguardian.com] – Russian tanker sails through Arctic without icebreaker for first time

Solar Power Plant in Abakan, Russian Federation

Russia is not exactly a front runner in renewable energy, which is not surprising, given Russia’s vast fossil fuel reserves. If local initiatives do occur it is almost always without federal subsidies. On December 15, 2015, the Abakan solar power plant of 5.2 MW was commissioned.

Local Shaman appears to give his blessing to the new solar power plant. Now the waiting can begin for the first sun rays to arrive. Abakan has 310 sunny days per year.

[russia-insider.com] – Solar Power in Russia Emerges From the Shade
[bashny.net] – Abakanskaya solar power plant
[wikipedia.org] – Abakan
[news.trust.org] – Solar power surges – slowly – in regulation-heavy Russia
[Google Maps] – Abakan

South Stream not Dead

75.000-Steel-Pipes-Ordered-for-South-Stream[source] Pipes waiting to be deployed on the bottom of the Black Sea.

[reuters.com] – Turkey row leaves Russia stuck with abandoned gas pipes worth billions

Gas pipes worth 1.8 billion euros ($1.95 billion) are to be left stranded on the shores of the Black Sea after Russia’s decision to suspend work on the Turkish Stream pipeline, a potent symbol of Moscow’s falling out with Ankara…

Gazprom ordered pipes from as far afield as Japan and Germany for the 2,400-kilometre (1,491-mile) South Stream pipeline, originally slated to open in 2018, which were then reassigned to Turkish Stream after the project was axed…

Industry sources said the pipes can only be used for projects in the Black Sea because of their specialized construction.

We’re not going to let these pipes rot away on a Black Sea beach, now do we?

The Dutch company South Stream Transport was responsible for the construction of the pipeline; their website still talks about Turk Stream. The Bulgarians now proposed to at least construct the Black Sea part of the original South Stream pipeline.

[standartnews.com] – Bulgaria in talks with EU for a shorter South Stream

Bulgaria has been discussing a shorter version of its cancelled South Stream gas pipeline with the European Commission for months, Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs Tomislav Donchev revealed in the most recent parliamentary control blitz questions session. Especially in the light of the suspension of the Turkish Stream due to the recent tensions between Russia and Turkey, the new plan to deliver Russian gas to the receiving terminal in the Black Sea near Varna could bring back Bulgaria into the game of how to get more Russian gas into Europe.Копирано от standartnews.com

Editor: dear Bulgarians, don’t wait for permission from the euro-losers. The new sport in Europe is to defy orders from Brussels, humiliate them and act in both your national and European interest, like for instance in the case of building fences, preventing the euro-fools and George Soros drones from destroying European civilization on orders of the US oligarch overlords. Talk with Putin and implement the pipeline and present Brussels with a fait accompli. This is a very pro-European thing to do since the future of the Middle East is now so uncertain that gas supply to Europe from this source is not guaranteed.

south-stream-map-enThis is the original plan for the 2400 km South Stream pipe line

south-stream-map[gazprom.com]The original 925 km route through the Black Sea. Now that the Crimea is Russian again, the new pipeline can be made shorter, closer to the Crimean coast.

Crimea to be Connected to Russian Grid Soon

putin-simferopol

Surprise visit Vladimir Putin to Simferopol, the capital of the Crimea, to announce that the Crimea will be connected to the grid again via an undersea cable, coming from main-land Russia as per December 15. The Crimea is currently cut-off from previous electricity-provider Ukraine.

[en.kremlin.ru] – The President launched first stage of power bridge to Crimea
[spiegel.de] – Putin eröffnet “Energiebrücke” auf der Krim

Bulgaria Smells Its Second Chance

south_stream

Vladimir Putin has always preferred South-Stream over Turk-Stream. The foolish Turkish action of shooting down a Russian jet over Syria last week has provided a huge second chance for Bulgaria to finally fight for its own interests as well as those of Europe.

South-Stream was cancelled last year because midgets like Juncker and Merkel are despicable servants of Washington and unworthy to lead Europe.

Dear Bulgaria… go talk with Putin and announce that Russia and Bulgaria will build the pipeline regardless of what said midgets will say. Deep in their cowardly little hearts they will be glad that the pipeline will be built anyway and that they don’t have to stand up against the Great Satan, an action for which they lack the spine.

Bulgaria, nobody is going to bomb you. Yes, they are going to call you names, just like the US called the French ‘cheese eating surrender monkeys‘ when they refused to obey the US and didn’t join the Iraq safari. Who cares what this former European colony of three centuries says?

[novinite.com] – Bulgaria Backs Nord Stream-2, Standing Up for Own Gas Hub Project (30 November)

Bulgaria is also determined that its gas hub proposal – one under which a gas distribution center should be set up at the Bulgarian Black Sea coast – should be embraced by Russia and the EU.

“I still think that the gas distribution center, or the hub, or whatever you call it, in Bulgaria, one that should received liquefied gas [LNG] and Russian gas, and also gas from our [Bulgaria’s] deposits, is a big reality [sic!],” the Bulgarian News Agency quotes him as saying.

This position is “beneficial for Bulgaria” and the government should not be reproached by it, he added.

That’s the spirit! Now, don’t be timid, you don’t need the EU to ’embrace’ it, simply implement it! Brussels’ role in life is there to be humiliated, by the US (Nuland: “Fuck the EU”), by the Eastern Europeans who refuse to take in male Islamic time bombs just because George Soros wants that to happen. Nobody is going to bomb Hungary or Poland for it. So, build this pipeline!

[reuters.com] – Bulgaria backs Nord Stream gas extension

Nov 30 Bulgarian Prime Minister Boiko Borisov said on Monday his government supported Russia’s plans to extend its gas link to Germany… “I will defend the position for the construction of Nord Stream II and (a) gas hub in Bulgaria – it is advantageous for the country and nobody can reproach me for that,” Borisov told reporters… Bulgaria has proposed the facility be built near the city of Varna – where the South Stream pipes were supposed to come out of the Black Sea – and has said it would cooperate with Russia to build a pipe to the Bulgarian coast.

Bulgaria Wants to See South Stream Built

southstream

Vladimir Putin’s sudden and unilateral decision to drop South Stream has been a major hit for Bulgaria.

Instead of bypassing Ukraine via Bulgaria and bringing Russian gas directly to southeastern Europe, the gas, he said, will be sent to Turkey under a project named Turkish Stream. In his words, Bulgaria had lost an opportunity to earn €400 million in annual gas transit fees and billions in investment.

The general opinion among Bulgarians is that Bulgaria and its people were simply used as the “pawn” in the chess power game of the EU/US vs Russian gas interests…

“We cannot turn the page on South Stream until Russia’s stance is made clear,” insisted Minister of Economy Bozhidar Lukarski referring to the fact that Bulgaria so far hasn’t received an official note from Russia about the cancellation of the pipeline.

Editor: what we do know is that Russia would much prefer building South Stream than Turk Stream, as Europe is hands down the best customer, paying the highest prices. And then there is the issue of shared destiny, something that the US wants to prevent at all cost. Many high-ranking politicians, like Gabriel, Juncker, Schroeder and others have expressed their hope that some day South Stream could be built after all. It is a matter of standing up against the imperial overlord and getting rid of the idiot of Berlin.

[euractiv.com] – A majority of Bulgarians want South Stream to be built
[euractiv.com] – Putin: We haven’t given up the South Stream project (Feb 2015)
[euractiv.com] – Borissov warns of Bulgarian energy ‘catastrophe’
[bloomberg.com] – Hungary Opens the Way for South Stream as Orban Defies EU

Get.the.f*ck.the.project.moving.again!

Ukraine Shut Off From Gas

ukraine-weather
Max. temperatures Ukraine, November 25, 2015: 3 degrees Celcius = 37 degrees Fahrenheit

Russia has decided to halt gas deliveries to Ukraine. Reason: Ukraine is too far behind with its payments. But the recent sabotage of electricity cables into Crimea could also play a role.

Poor Ukrainians. In their cold homes they now have a lot of time to contemplate if that Euro-Maidan circus was really worth it. Russia has gas, Europe doesn’t. And Nuland-USA is only interested in Ukraine in as much it can be used to generate conflict with Russia, just like Poland in 1939 was used by the US to generate conflict with Germany. Perhaps you Ukrainians can keep yourselves warm by waving the EU-flag in your freezing living room.

Alternatively you could of course make a U-turn and kick Porky out of office and make up with Russia again. You can still associate with Europe, Mother Russia won’t mind, as long as NATO is kept out. Oh and Crimea is gone for ever.

ukrainian-gas-reservesUkrainian gas reserves, slightly less than 400 m3/capita

[spiegel.de] – Gazprom: Russland stoppt Gasversorgung der Ukraine
[bloomberg.com] – Russia Halts Natural Gas Supplies to Ukraine as Payments End

Eastern Europe Wants to Sabotage New Baltic Pipelines

ticker_nordstream_body_a.4624578

The North Stream pipeline Vyborg-Greifswald, directly connecting Russia with Germany, is apparently a success, now that the operators (Gazprom, E.ON, Shell, BASF, OMV and ENGIE) of that pipeline want to build a new one next to the existing pipeline. Planned completion date 2019. Reason: switching to gas to reduce CO2 emission. Additionally, the Russian openly admit that they want to circumvent notorious unreliable behavior of Ukraine.

Countries like Ukraine, the Baltic states and Poland are not amused and have announced that they will resist the new pipeline. It is easy to understand why, because the new pipeline will make superfluous existing pipelines running though countries with an anti-Russian attitude, most of all Ukraine and Poland and thus deprive these countries from a lucrative source of income. For Ukraine 2 billion $ are at stake. The Baltic states are not directly involved (no pipelines over their territory), but they are afraid that the pro-US block {Ukraine-Poland-Baltic States} could be sidelined by a Russian-German understanding (editor: go for it, Russia/Germany!).

Too bad for the Eastern Europeans, but the economic interests for Germany, France, Holland and Austria are simply too great. The outcome of the struggle between these countries on the one hand and USA and Eastern Europe on the other will determine the energy-future of Europe.

[drwn.de] – Nord Stream II gerät unter Beschuss

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