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Archive for the category “Russia”

William Engdahl on the Abiotic Origin of Oil

The West believes that oil has an organic origin.

Russia believes that oil originates from the core of the earth and migrates to the earth’s surface under pressure until it is halted by a granite ‘roof’.

Engdahl believes that the Russians are right and that under the right circumstances oilfields could replenish.

Editor: without taking sides in this issue, it is interesting that oil accumulates in oil fields and that oil is not universally present, where in contrast life is.

Russia Continuous to Divert Gas from Europe to Asia

Strategic disaster in the making for Europe, that runs the serious risk of running out of fuel if the Middle-East descends further into chaos.

The Americans can be proud of themselves and their actions in Ukraine, by managing to let their Euro-serfs shoot themselves in the foot, by driving a wedge between Europe and Russia. That’s what you get if you believe that your worst enemy (neocon-run USA) is your savior, a mindset aka as the Atlanticist Faith.

China and Russia will seal an agreement later this year on piped gas from Western Siberia, China’s foreign minister said on Sunday, a deal that will continue Russia’s economic shift towards Asia and away from Western Europe.

This is all to the advantage of China, that now can replace vulnerable overseas supply routes from the Middle-East, that can be interrupted by the US navy, by overland pipelines, leaving the unreliable supply from Muslim lands to the Euro-fools, ‘lead’ by the 1968-generation human rights trash a la Juncker, Merkel and Hollande. As the Middle-East descends ever more into chaos, these supplies become less certain with every passing day.

[] – China and Russia Set to Finalize Another Major Gas Deal

South Stream 2.0


It is a done deal now: South Stream is history.

Or is it?

The map shows the Black Sea pipeline (“Turk Stream”) that is going to be built, with almost the same trajectory as the original South Stream one, except that now the new pipeline will end in Turkey rather than in Bulgaria. The difference is that Turkey is not member of the EU (and never will be) in contrast to poor Bulgaria. Turkey is not interested in obstructing the construction of the pipeline with “Third Energy Packages”, like the EU did until Putin called Brussels bluff, and says ‘thank you very much’ to Putin-Russia for this little present. Turkey and Russia, unlike the Euro-fools in Brussels, realize that Europe will need natural gas for decades to come. A pipeline through Turkey means additional billions of income for Turkey from transit fees, to be paid by European consumers, ruled by incompetent US satraps in Brussels. On top of that, Turkey will get an enormous and completely unnecessary political leverage over Europe, just because the Euro-cowards are too afraid to kick American *** hard by refusing to take any more orders from Washington. If Europe does something Turkey doesn’t like, Turkey can shut off essential gas supply in a minute.

The new situation also encourages Turkey to loosen its ties with the West and become a member of the SCO alliance, the alliance with a future, unlike the West. This new alliance will enable Turkey to project its power over the Arabian peninsula with the end goal of reestablishing the Ottoman Empire and removing the US from the Middle-East. And all the signs are that this is precisely Turkey’s intention. And as long as the US has a big mouth against Russia and China, both the latter will give Turkey the free hand in the Middle-East, as long as it hurts US interests. The West gets smaller with every passing day.

For fourteen years, Putin-Russia’s grand strategy has been rapprochement to Europe

The big winners in the Iraq drama after giving Washington the finger in 2003.

…but at a decisive moment, Europe and its two greatest losers Merkel and Hollance…

Spineless dangerous incompetent European losers, determined to run Europe into the ground by obeying any order from Washington, like giving Europe away to Islam.

… did not have the guts to oppose the neocon-criminals in Washington and say no to the Ukrainian misadventure. Now the SCO-strategy is to weaken the West by ‘stealing’ Turkey from the alliance, in perfect symmetry with the theft of Ukraine and attempted theft of Syria from the Russian sphere of influence. And Turkey, being the de facto natural leader of Islam and potential owner of most of the fossil fuel resources west of the Gulf, is a much more valuable ally than basket case Ukraine.

Putin playing chess
The Western ‘je suis Charlies’ outfoxed again by the geopolitical Grandmaster.


Moscow Confirms “Turkish Stream”


Yesterday we expressed our fear that Europe could have missed the boat with South Stream and indeed, Gazprom Deputy Chief Executive Officer Alexander Medvedev confirmed that South Stream is history and that instead “the Turkish Stream” is going to be build, even if the EU showed signs of being prepared to make a U-turn. And we believe Russia is credible. The European loss of face is enormous.

Putin-Russia has been courting Europe for full fourteen years, but under the current circumstances had no other choice than to quit. The nagging of the Euro-dwarfs Juncker, Hollande and Merkel simply became too much. As late as June Putin openly advocated a confederation with Europe, but was snubbed. We cannot begin to describe the depth of our rage.

China, Turkey and the US can’t believe their luck.

Satanic Washington got what it wanted, hook, line and sinker: destroy European-Russian relations, that got too cosy to the taste of the US. The neocons organized a Pinochet style CIA coup in Kiev, handpicked a satrap government and forced Putin to exercise damage limitation, by preventing NATO from taking Sevastopol, as well as wannabee operetta Nazi’s genociding Russians in Donbass (nota bene under Kolomoysky Zionist control, you really have to despair at the quality of what passes as Nazi’s these days). And they likely had a hand in co-organizing the downing of the MH17, the flying Lusitania. And from then on they could demonize Putin to their hearts content, dragging the Euro fools with them, completely against their own interest. Washington must be roaring with laughter, f*ck the EU!

China, because Russia has been successfully driven into their arms for a long time to come. Huge Russian infrastructure projects, like high-speed railway lines, will go to Chinese firms, not European ones. Additionally China is jubilant that with this move, Turkey is likely bought into the SCO-alliance, next to existing SCO-member Iran. And since Turkey and Iran will take over the entire Middle East in the coming decade, at the cost of Saudi-Arabia and the West, this means that the entire Middle East, with all its fossil fuel resources will then be under control of the Beijing-Moscow axis.

German Bundeswehr strategic assessment: more than 70% of fossil fuel reserves are situated in the “strategic ellipse” and Europe is now completely left out, because these Euro-idiots let themselves being maneuvered into black hole Ukraine on orders of the satanic Washington neocohns, destroying the relationship with Russia in the process, carefully build up over decades.

Turkey is jubilant as well. Out of the blue and completely unnecessary, Turkey got control over a large chunk of future fossil fuel supply from the Middle East and Russia to Europe and acquired corresponding leverage over Europe, illustrating once again the total incompetence of the European political class, that has outsourced the management of its interests to Washington, an extremely stupid idea. And when Egypt (including Suez canal) will sooner or later fall to the Caliphate, this would mean that Europe will be completely shut off from any source of fossil fuel.

The losers are Russia and Europe and the pathetic spineless Juncker, Hollande and Merkel and their convenient rock solid but fatal and masochistic Atlanticist faith are entirely to blame for this disaster. They will go into the history books as the Honecker’s and Ceausescu’s of western Europe, unable to say no to their overlords at the right time. They sit with their lazy *sses on the most advanced and greatest economy on the planet and yet don’t know what to do with it, other than waiting for orders from Washington.

Russia has to acknowledge that its plan A (Europe of the Fatherlands, including Russia) failed and are now reluctantly executing plan B, to find themselves driven into the welcoming arms of the Chinese.


Europe did not merely shot itself in the foot; it shot itself in both feet, hands, chest, head and genitals (if any). Nobody expects the EU to declare war on America. It would have been sufficient to say no to the sanctions, no to the take-over of Ukraine, yes to South Stream. Europe should have acted just like Schroeder/Fisher and Chirac/Villepin acted in 2003 over Iraq. Just say no, that was all, which would have come at the price of being called a “cheese eating surrender monkey” once again; who cares what the Americans say anyway. They will be history soon, like the USSR in 1991. Ukraine should have been a European-Russian affair and the US neo-bolsheviks should have been kept out.

Few people realize how dramatic for Europe this turn of events really is.

[] – Moscow confirms status of South Stream

South Stream Revived?

Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulates South Stream after completion of the welding ceremony[source]

You can’t make this stuff up:

Bulgaria is ready to issue all the necessary permits for the construction of the South Stream pipeline, according to Prime Minister Boyko Borisov. He said it will up to Gazprom whether the pipeline is built or not.

We would not have been surprised if Bulgaria would have finally given Brussels the finger and decided to act alone. After all, pipelines last for decades, the anger of a faceless Brussels bureaucrat for weeks. And Europe is going to need Russian gas in the future anyway, so Bulgaria can earn possible fines imposed now back in the future.

What does (pleasantly) surprise us is:

Borisov said he has the full support and understanding of the European Union and that Bulgaria is not in the wrong and should not suffer financial consequences for stopping the project, the Bulgarian news agency BGNES reports.

So Brussels admits that it bluffed and overplayed its hand with its silly ‘Third Energy Package‘ and all and now it stands exposed as the weak-willed spineless idiots that they are. Putin won again. The trouble for Brussels is: Russians usually stick to their word. On December 1, Moscow agreed with Ankara to build ‘Turk Stream’ instead. Perhaps in his heart, Putin would like to back pedal, but he is a man of his word. And… he noticed that he could buy Turkey into his SCO-alliance and deal the West a crushing blow. Who needs Assad-Syria (and the Tarsus naval base) if you can tie the coming leader of the Middle East into your alliance? The sun sets in the west and apparently the West sinks with it.

Putin will possibly let the Euro’s simmer for a while and increase the price for building South Stream after all, after a talk about Crimea, sanctions, Mistral helicopter carrier, Ukraine-NATO, etc., etc. Perhaps a smaller pipeline to Turkey will be built as well.

Or perhaps South Stream will never be built, after the Europeans humiliated the Russians too much, on orders of Washington.

What a mess.

[] – Bulgaria ready to issue South Stream permits


In the ‘unlikely’ case that Hollande will fail as president, he can always apply to play a walk-on part in a Borat movie, with his new Kazakh coat. And if not, at least he won’t catch a cold on his scooter while sneaking out of the Elysee palace to pay his mistress a visit.

South Stream in Perspective


Let’s do a simple calculation of what a pipeline like South Stream actually means in terms of energy:

Diameter pipe: 81 cm
Capacity: 63 billion m3 natural gas/year
Energy content 1 m3 natural gas: ca. 12 kwh
Energy generated in one man-day of work: 1 kwh (very hard work)
Total energy per year in kwh: 756 billion
Total man-days/year equivalent South Stream: 756 billion
Number of man-year equivalent: 3 billion (based on 250 workdays/year)

In other words: this pipeline of 81 cm diameter represents the equivalent of the physical workforce of more than the entire adult male population on the planet, as long as the gas keeps flowing. Europe just missed out on 3 billion virtual energy slaves, that’s 6 per European. And why: because spineless ‘soft-power’ dimwits like Juncker, Hollande and Merkel take orders from Washington, that’s why.

Turk Stream – CrossTalk

The German guest thinks that South Stream is not over yet and that Europe remains an interesting partner for Russia because: 1) pipeline system is in place and 2) Europe pays the highest prices for gas. The Greek guest points at the natural gas potential in the eastern Mediterranean that could compensate for the loss of Russian supply.

More on Turk Stream


The announcement by Vladimir Putin to cancel the construction of South-Stream has sent shock waves across the internet commentariat.

[] – Neue Konzernstrategie: Gazprom wendet sich von Europa ab
Gazprom chairman Miller has said that no new pipelines to Europe will be built and that Europe needs to arrange itself with Turkey. Gazprom has abandoned its old business model of concentrating on supplying to end consumers on the European market. From now on Europeans should take responsibility for their own pipelines. Miller accuses the EU commission for this change of course and openly admits that Turkey can use its future control of gas flows to Europe for ‘geopolitical power poker’. Miller clearly wants to rub it in. Miller confirms that the aim of the new pipeline to Turkey will be to completely sideline the Ukraine as transit country. Biggest loser will be Bulgaria. As a consequence of obeying the demands of John McCain, Bulgaria looses 6000 jobs, access to gas and transit fees, that will all go to Turkey. In the end all transit through Ukraine is planned to stop, meaning that the smaller pipeline through Ukraine and Romania to Bulgaria will cease to transport gas as well (see map above). It is obvious that this farce did not do much good for EU prestige in Bulgaria, Hungary, Austria, Italy, Croatia and Serbia, to put it mildly.

Editor: usually Russians don’t bluff and stick to their words, unlike the Europeans, who have been enjoying relatively easy prosperity for too long. It is unlikely that the decision not to built South Stream is going to be reversed any time soon and perhaps even never.

[] – Westliche South-Stream-Partner überrumpelt vom Projekt-Stopp
Clear signs that the European partners of Russia, involved in the construction of South Stream, were taken by surprise by the Russian decision to no longer let itself be humiliated by Brussels. Nobody was consulted in advance. Not the German company Wintershall, who stated that it was confused about the behavior of the EU commission and that it was unable to discern a clear course of the commission, nor the Dutch offshore company Allseas, that was to construct the pipeline.

Editor: it is not difficult to discern the true course of the EU commission: Washington said no to the pipeline and that what is it, end of story. The corrupt cretins from Brussels do not represent the best interests of the European public but those of Washington and Wallstreet only. It is time for that to stop, to face the true enemy of Europe and deal them a blow at the right moment.


[] – William Engdahl, Putin Pipeline Moves and EU stupidity
Engdahl summarizes Putin’s attitude: he wanted to construct the pipeline, the EU refused, so the pipeline is not going to be built. Engdahl states the obvious, namely that the EU is the loser and not Russia and that Washington is the real culprit, combined with Europe’s cowardliness.

Editor: Europe’s true feelings became quickly apparent when within a few days time Juncker, Hollande and now Gabriel all espressed their wish that the pipeline should be build. They implicitly admitted that they had overplayed their hand. Too late. All the pipelines through Ukraine are going to be phased out, leaving all of South-Eastern Europe at the mercy of Russia and Turkey.

The West snatched Ukraine from the sphere of influence of Russia (for as long as it lasts) but Russia snatched Turkey from the sphere of influence of the West by this genial pipeline move. It won’t be long until it will become clear even to Brussels who gained and who lost. Ukraine is a useless corrupt economic black hole. Turkey in contrast is the coming power in the Middle East and will soon expand its tentacles over Saudi-Arabia and the rest of the Arabian oil provinces, thanks to ISIS. It is likely that Turkey will gradually gravitate towards the East and sooner or later become member of SCO. That would mean that Europe will be completely dependent for its fossil fuel on and consequently at the mercy of the SCO-alliance, thanks to the satanic Americans and their world domination schemes, who pushed us Europeans into a useless Ukraine adventure at the cost of a catastrophic deterioration of our geo-strategic position.

There is only one way out of this mess and that is to for France and Germany to break with Washington and become member of SCO and tell the Americans to leave Europe.



Terrible lack of grandeur and charisma. Juncker, Merkel and Hollande failed to lead Europe into independence from the US

Sigmar Gabriel Hopes South Stream Will Be Built Eventually

Sigmar Gabriel, chairman of the social-democrat SPD and vice-chancellor of Germany.

We have said it before: when it comes to Vernunft (reason) in matters of geopolitics, the German left (SPD) beats the conservatives of the CDU. The SPD after all was the party of the Ostpolitik and a lot of SPD heavy-weights hate to see these policies trashed under the current incompetent chancellor Angela Merkel, who can’t say nein to her US overlords and whose Adenauer-Stiftung was complicit in the theft of the Ukraine from the Russian sphere of influence by paying Ukrainian students 25 euro/day to play revolutionary at Maidan Square to prepare for the Pinochet style overthrow of a democratically legitimate elected government.

Sigmar Gabriel has expressed his wish that the mega-pipeline South-Stream will be built after all, after last week Vladimir Putin abruptly cancelled the construction of the pipeline or rather diverted the route of said pipeline to Turkey. Gabriel said this shortly before a meeting of European energy ministers in Brussels. Most of the gas will end up in Europe anyway, but now with an additional Turkish transit surcharge and the risk that Turkey will could use the new circumstance to blackmail Europe. It is a clear sign of the sheer incompetence of European politicians that they did not see this coming, but lazy Europeans have always outsourced the management of Europe’s fate to Washington, which comes down to letting Al Capone run your bank, an extremely bad idea.

Editor: more proof that the European political class is caught by surprise and is starting to panic. We haven’t the faintest idea if South-Stream is going to be built, although we certainly hope so. What we do know is that Vladimir Putin won’t make a u-turn anytime soon, but will prefer to let the Europeans remain in the panic mode for a considerable time and enjoy the positive returns of his travel to Turkey last week.

[] – South Stream: Gabriel hofft trotz Russen-Veto auf die Mega-Pipeline

Pepe Escobar on Turk Stream

Tough guys who know what they want, unlike the Euro pussies

Russia cancelled South Stream, catching the EU by surprise. The EU bluffed and failed. Germany can praise itself lucky is has at least North Stream in place, the Balkans are not so lucky.

The pipeline gambit began with the South Stream – Nabucco competition in 2009. 2009, that was before the 2014-prospect of Turkish SCO membership became a distinct possibility. 2009 was the year the West thought that Turkey was a western ally. The idiots.

2009 picture: Nabucco versus South Stream. Now South Stream and Nabucco have merged into a single pipeline, originating in Russia, but ending up in Turkey. The Turks can use this new situation to blackmail Europe, if necessary.

Nabucco turned out to be an empty promise: no pipeline, because no supply. Escobar says that South Stream could be revived, but he would not bet the farm on it. However, Juncker almost immediately backpedaled, but after Escobar finished his article.

But for the moment, South Stream is history. The pipeline is going to be built, but now to Turkey, not Bulgaria. Russian gas will probably end up in Europe anyway, but via Turkey, who can close down the future pipeline if it wants to. Europe wanted to reduce dependency on Russia (on orders of its US overlord), now the Euro-fools increased their dependency on both Russia and Turkey. Turkey won’t stall the process with nitpicking ‘third energy packages’ and glad it can control energy flows to Europe after all.

Escobar points out that the new destination of the pipeline makes perfect business sense for Russia, since Turkey is the 2nd biggest customer of Russian gas, after Germany, much bigger than Bulgaria, Hungary and Austria combined. But perhaps Turkey will be kind enough and leave something left for the Euro’s after all. Perhaps not.

Turkey is the big winner. They not only get the new pipeline, they also will receive a total new nuclear infrastructure, to be built by Russia. Turkey increasingly will become a hub for gas and oil. They already transport fuel from Azerbaijan, via the Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan pipeline. Poor Saudi-Arabia; Russia will provide Turkey with all the energy it will need.

Furthermore, this is almost certainly an overture towards Turkish SCO-membership, completely sidelining the EU. Russia courted Europe from the very moment Putin came to power and Europe initially reciprocated the avances, culminating in the refusal of the triumvirate Putin-Schroeder-Chirac to join the US in the rape of Iraq.

This is what Putin really wants, cooperating with Germany and France, but unfortunately, Hollande and Merkel are of a lesser caliber than Schroeder and Chirac and completely subservient to Washington demands.

But everything went catastrophically downwards for Europe, when it cooperated with neocon run Washington, the only serious enemy Europe has, in its successful attempt to steel Ukraine from the 1000 year old Russian sphere of influence, early 2014. It was an act of pure western aggression and now Russia has hit back where it really hurts and this damage will be extremely difficult to mend and it will be probably necessary to kick the entire Atlanticist nomenclatura out, ranging from Merkel, Hollande to Juncker.

[] – “Turk Stream”: Huge Win for Turkey – Big Win For Russia – Historic Loss for EU

Turk Stream

Youtube: published 5 dec. 2014 – Russia’s cancellation of the South Stream gas pipeline just may be a game changer for Russia-EU relations. Brussels threatened EU members who were keen to be part of this project. Moscow called Brussels’ bluff and Europe will probably pay a heavy price. CrossTalking with Alexander Mercouris, Kostis Geropoulos and Matthias Dornfeldt.

William Engdahl On the Recent Gas Deal

Altay Pipeline Deal


Russia, sick and tired of the behavior of the Atlanticist leaning EU cowards, who do everything satanic Washington tells them to do, in casu a useless fight over Ukraine, even if it is totally against their own interest, has signed an agreement with China for the construction of a second pipeline. Good for Russia. After completion, China will have replaced the EU as the largest customer of Russian gas. It should be realized that Russian gas deliveries to the EU cannot not be replaced. If the Euro-fools would really anger Russia even more, Putin can simply shut off all gas deliveries and bring industrial civilization in Europe to a complete standstill.

Maybe we should even hope for such an event, as industrial civilization in its present form will stop sooner or later anyway. A depression could provoke a ‘European Spring’ and confrontation with the spineless 1968 establishment and force them to abdicate, just like their colleagues in eastern Europe in 1989, declare independence from Washington and turn to Moscow. Hundred years ago fascism and national socialism were defense mechanisms against the threat of the far more murderous Bolshevism from the east, that began to consolidate in the early twenties, with Europe as the next item on their to-do list. Expect similar defense mechanisms to occur against the threat of Islamization, the latest leftist establishment pet project, on orders of Washington. Bolshevism, fascism and national socialism were reactions to dire economic circumstances, resulting from World War One. A new depression could unleash unforeseen political movements. Are you sure you want this, Europe? You can still save your neck by lifting all sanctions against Russia and give Washington the finger, but time is clearly running out.


Paul Craig Roberts on Russian-Ukraine Gas Deal

PCR sees Russia as a loser of the deal, because Russia is not guaranteed to be paid, so it can be forced to cut gas deliveries to Ukraine in the middle of the winter, making it vulnerable to anti-Russian western propaganda and demonization.

Russian-Ukrainian Gas Compromise

Guenther Oettinger, Alexander Novak, Yuriy Prodan

It was the last deed of Günther Oettinger as EU energy commissioner, when he mediated an agreement between Russia and Ukraine concerning Russian gas deliveries to Ukraine during the coming winter. Deal details:

  • Price $378 until 31.12.2014 and $365 afterwards
  • Debt servicing: $1,45B before the end of next week and $1.64B before the end of this year. Gazprom chef Miller had demanded $5B.

Russia had insisted that the EU would guarantee Ukrainian payments after the association agreement between the EU and Ukraine. After all, according to Putin: “in Russia it is customary for the gentleman to pay for the diner when he invites a lady to a restaurant”.

As a result, Russian energy deliveries to the EU seem to be ensured for the coming winter, as there is no need for Ukraine to illegally tap from the transit-pipelines to keep its citizens from freezing. There is some hope that the agreement could contribute to a general atmosphere of detente between the EU and Russia. The agreement is very good for Ukraine and good for the EU and Russia and bad for the US, whose interest it is to keep the EU and Russia as divided as possible.


A Century of US Demonization Propaganda

Putin the Tyrant[source]

Typical US propaganda in action. Just show a picture of a crying woman and link it to Putin. It is simplistically crude, but the US boobs…


…will fall for it, after all, aren’t we exceptional or what?! Anglosphere is the demonization champ in world history.

Read more…

China Invests in Russian Solar Panel Production


Who: Solar Systems, subsidiary of China’s Amur Sirius
Where: Tatarstan
How much: $1 billion investment volume for 100 MW/year panel production

Russian law requires that panels sold in Russia are to be produced in Russia.

[] – China expected to invest $1bn in Russian solar energy

EU Offers to Guarantee Gas Deliveries to Ukraine


Earlier this week, Russia and Ukraine agreed on the price ($385/1000m3) of Russian gas deliveries for the coming winter. That’s settled then. Oh wait, Ukraine has no money. No worries, there is still the EU, we mean, the European tax payer. EU Energy Commissioner Gunther Oettinger suggested that if the Ukrainian gas company Naftogaz could not pay for the gas, the EU could buy the gas and resell it to Ukraine, obviously against soft conditions. Another suggestion could be that Russia will subtract the price of gas deliveries to Ukraine from the transfer fees it is paying to Ukraine for the right to transfer gas to Europe, through Ukraine. Europe is Russia’s most important source of income. Gazprom is lukewarm about the idea of the EU playing the cavalier, probably because in this way, Russia is loosing political leverage over Ukraine. Therefor Gazprom points at existing contracts that supposedly forbid reselling practices.

Next week a final agreement is expected between all parties involved.

[] – Ukraine’s multi-billion dollar gas debt: Who pays?

Russian-Ukrainian Gas Deal

Ukraine pipeline[source]

Ukrainian president Poroshenko has confirmed that natural gas supply from Russia has been secured for the coming winter, after an agreement was reached over the price: $385/1000m3. On top of that Ukraine will repay a part of its outstanding gas debts.


Editor: it means that Ukraine has caved in 100% to Russian demands. The alternative would have been Ukrainians freezing in their homes. Ukraine could have had gas for $269, as negotiated under ousted president Yanokovich, but after EuroMaidan and the CIA-sponsored coup, Ukraine went west. Well then, don’t expect a discount.

What If Russia Stops Delivering Gas to Europe?

The EU commission wrote an internal report about what the consequences would be if Russia decided to stop delivering natural gas to Europe. The result can be seen in four graphs, depicting the European situation after 1, 3, 6, and 9 months respectively without Russian supply. Green is normal, dark red means less than 50% of normal consumption.

Read more…

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