Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “data”

Price Coal Skyrockets

Price nearly triples in a matter of 12 months.

Not so good for the economy, very good for the energy transition.

[] – Corné van Zeijl

Lazard – Renewable Energy Cheapest by Far

Click to enlarge

This does NOT include renewable electricity storage cost.

[] – Levelized Cost of Energy and Levelized Cost of Storage – 2020
[] – Wind & Solar Are Cheaper Than Everything, Lazard Reports

Renewable Share Dutch Electricity Production

Solar and wind in 2020 represent 20% share total electricity production. In 2019 it was 15%, in 2018 12%.

In 2030 it will be 70%, if national climate accord targets will be met.

[] – Martien Visser grafiek van de dag

Between 2010-17 a Windier World Brought 17% Extra Wind Power

Study carried out by Princeton and published in Nature, and based on data from 1,400 weather stations in North-America, Europe and Asia. One cause is temperature and increased pressure.

[] – A reversal in global terrestrial stilling and its implications for wind energy production
[] – The world is getting windier and it could mean a big boost for alternative energy

Renewable Electricity Champs 2018

Renewable share electricity production:

Country %
Scotland 74
Portugal 55
Spain 46
Denmark 43
Germany 42
China 38
EU 32
UK 30
Italy 20
USA 15

Note that northern countries with low population density and high mountains and hence high proportion of hydro-power, like Norway, Sweden and Canada, have even higher shares. But we are for the moment more interested in those countries with high shares of wind and solar.

Holland 2018 – 3% Economic Growth, 1.5% Less Energy Use


2018 was an extremely good year for the Dutch economy with nearly 3% growth. Yet the total energy consumption declined with 1.5%. Total share fossil fuel decreased with 2%.

Natural gas: 40%
Oil: 40%
Coal: 11%

The rest is renewables, nuclear, biomass, electricity import. Holland is (not yet) a big player in renewable energy.

The most important message is, that regardless of the energy source, it is possible to have substantial economic growth and still use less energy.

[] – Energieverbruik gedaald in 2018, vooral minder steenkool verbruikt

Rapid Growth Global Solar

From 40 GW in 2010 to 640 GW in 2020.

[] – The Solar Future: einde aan dalende elektriciteitsprijzen

Structure Electricity Prices Europe




USA Energy Mix 2017

Live Dutch Wind Data

[] – Statistieken

[] – Live data

The Scale of the Global Energy Transition

[source] An area in the Sahara with the size of Bulgaria, covered with solar panels and all the world’s present day energy needs would be covered.

The Sahara is associated with strong solar irradiation. How much Sahara surface area would be required to power the entire world with pv-solar? Mehran Moalem, PhD, UC Berkeley, Professor, expert on Nuclear Materials and Nuclear Fuel Cycle, did the calculation.

How much energy is the world consuming anyway?

The total world energy usage (coal+oil+hydroelectric+nuclear+renewable) in 2015 was 13,000 Million Ton Oil Equivalent (13,000 MTOE) – see World Energy Consumption & Stats. This translates to 17.3 TW continuous power.

OK, so how much of the Sahara would be required to generate these 17.3 TW? Surprisingly little:

Now, if we cover an area of the Earth 335 kilometers by 335 kilometers with solar panels, even with moderate efficiencies achievable easily today, it will provide more than 17,4 TW power. This area is 43,000 square miles.

For Europeans, that’s 111,370 km2 or relatively small European countries like Bulgaria, Iceland or Greece. For Americans, think Tennessee or Virginia.

[] – We Could Power The Entire World By Harnessing Solar Energy From 1% Of The Sahara
[] – List of countries and dependencies by area

PV-Solar Global Installed Base

Note that the European installed base grew from 45 GW in 2010 towards 120 GW in 2017. That’s 85 GW in 7 years. Linear extrapolation to 2030 would imply an extra 134 GW. In reality it could be (much) more as the price of solar panels is expected to further reduce significantly, think $100/m2 soon. Let’s say 300 GW nameplate in total in 2030, which would be equivalent to 30 GW average power 24/7/365 (see explanation of “nameplate power” in the previous post). From this it is obvious that wind power will be dominant in Europe for years to come.

[] – EU PV Status Report 2017

IEA 2017 Key World Energy Statistics

Energy crisis… what energy crisis?

[] – Key World Energy Statistics

IEA – The State of the Energy Transition 2017

Diagrams below:

Read more…

European & German Electricity Production Data

Net electricity generation, EU-28, 1990-2015 (TWh)

A annual electricity generation of 3000 TWh is equivalent of 342 GW continuous average power.

Breakdown of electricity production by source and European country, 2016 (in %)

[] – Electricity production, consumption and market overview
[] – Electricity in Europe 2015

Read more…

Expected Growth Electric Vehicles Sales



Annual Review of Natural Catastrophes 2016

Global Coal Production 1971-2016

[] – Coal falls as gas rises: World energy balances in 2016
[] – Global coal production fell significantly in 2016

OECD Renewable Electricity 2016 Breakdown

Hydro-power is still more than 50% of all installed renewable electricity.

[] – Renewables information: Overview 2017

Tracking Clean Energy Progress: 2017

Is the world on track to meet the 2025 interim climate change targets?

Go to the original IEA tracker here for the details:

[] – Clean Energy Tracker 2017

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