German language video
The energy transition has no lack of alternatives to choose from. Methanol is such a (under-exposed) possibility, that is currently living in the shadow of pure hydrogen. Methanol, a fluid under ambient conditions, has as a great advantage that it is easy to maintain and store. Methanol can be burned in a fuel cell, comparable to hydrogen. Methanol, like hydrogen, can be produced in a “green” fashion, with electrolysis. A methanol fuel cell does have CO2-emissions, but these would be evened out by atmospheric CO2-absorption during green production.
In transportation, methanol offers a large range, think 800 km. Existing petrol stations could be easily retrofitted, and the necessity for hundreds of thousands of charging stations could be eliminated. “Charging times” are in the minutes range.
Important disadvantages do exist. Methanol is toxic, 10 ml suffice for a serious intoxication, 100 ml are deadly. Other problems exist in the realm of rapid deterioration of the catalyst, as well as less than stellar efficiencies.
But just like with batteries, a big potential for problem-solving exists due to further research & development. Who will win eventually can’t be decided yet.