Observing the renewable energy transition from a European perspective

Archive for the category “shipping”

Inland Ship Anthonie to be Retrofitted for Hydrogen

Dutch infrastructure minister Cora van Nieuwenhuizen announcing the go ahead for retrofitting the inland ship “Anthonie” for hydrogen. The ship transports salt from Delfzijl to Rotterdam.

Hydrogen to power inland vessels: to boost this development, Minister Van Nieuwenhuizen is earmarking 4 million euros for the construction, development, and launch of the Netherlands’ first hydrogen powered inland cargo ship… By 2050, the Dutch inland shipping sector must be zero-emission. The new inland vessel is expected to be launched by 2023.

[] – Minister facilitates construction of hydrogen vessel
[] – Vessel Propelled by Green Hydrogen
[deepresource] – Dutch Hydrogen Ship Anthonie

First Electric Container Ship Picks Up Service

An 80 m, 120 TEU container ship, powered by batteries, has started service in a Norwegian fjord. Eventually, the ship will be operating autonomously.

[] – MV Yara Birkeland

Ørsted Into Green Methanol for Shipping

Offshore wind developer Ørsted of Denmark and Swedish green ammonia company Liquid Wind are teaming up to integrate the wind business of Ørsted with the ammonia production of Liquid Wind and apply the resulting produce into clean shipping.

[] – Liquid Wind partners with Ørsted to produce green electro-fuel in large-scale eMethanol project in Sweden
[] – Ørsted joins Liquid Wind on FlagshipONE e-methanol project
[] – Orsted takes big stake in pioneering e-methanol plant to turn shipping greener
[] – Liquid Wind corporate site

Making a living from a Freighter Sailing Ship

German NDR documentary, no subs

Shipping is considered to be a major contributor to air pollution. The world’s fleet of around 90,000 ships burns around 370 million tons of fuel per year and blows 20 million tons of sulfur oxide into the air. Container ships, oil tankers, freighters and cruise ships run on the cheapest heavy diesel oil, the most toxic fuel available. New environmental standards are only slowly becoming established.

Captain Cornelius Bockermann from Elsfleth in Lower Saxony wanted to do something about it. Now, he relies on cargo shipping, environmentally friendly, under sails.

Two years ago the “Avontuur”, his converted gaff schooner, set sail from home port Elsfleth for the first time. Since then, the sailor has crossed the Atlantic several times with a crew of volunteers and a professional seamanship. The old trade routes are reused for sailing. In the Caribbean, coffee, cocoa and rum are loaded, sometimes in an adventurous way.

“The water was often up to our necks, but this freighter, the” Avontuur “, does not drown,” says Captain Cornelius Bockermann. All the less since the industrialist Hans Georg Näder from Duderstadt in Lower Saxony got into the business. Now the captain has a tailwind with his “Avontuur”. The two men who are enthusiastic about their sailing dream of a cargo sailing fleet.

“Die Nordstory” accompanies the enthusiastic Lower Saxon sailor and his crew on a trip, has seen him and his supporters during setbacks, and shows experiences of success during their adventures.

[] – Sailing Ships Hauling Cargo in 2021
[deepresource] – Why Wind Power Ships May Be The Future of Transportation

The “Avontuur” (Dutch for “Adventure”), is a 44 m long two-masted, gaff-rigged schooner, built in 1920 in the Netherlands.

Why Wind Power Ships May Be The Future of Transportation

YouTube text:

Why Wind Power Ships May Be The Future of Transportation. Shipping currently accounts for almost 3% of global carbon emissions. In order to hit global net-zero targets by 2050 solutions like biofuel, green hydrogen and blue hydrogen, as well as ammonia have been held up as alternatives to fossil fuels to be used in ships. But what if we could go back to the early stages of shipping, where the wind was used for sailing, but using current and upcoming technology? Could a wind power ship blow past biofuels and hydrogen as the best pathway to decarbonize shipping?

It will be difficult to find a country more receptive to this future technological possibility than the Netherlands. Four centuries of global shipping based on wind-power has been sunk deep into Dutch industrial DNA.

Dutch VOC-ships in the Far East in the 17th century. If wind energy can have a comeback, why not sailing? Leave building wind turbines to the Germans, Danes, French and Spanish. Do what you are good at: anything that has to do with the sea.

Read more…

Yara Birkeland Autonomous Battery Container Vessel

The vessel YARA Birkeland will be the world’s first fully electric and autonomous container ship, with zero emissions. KONGSBERG is responsible for development and delivery of all key enabling technologies including the sensors and integration required for remote and autonomous ship operations, in addition to the electric drive, battery and propulsion control systems. A 120 TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) open top container ship. It will be a fully battery powered solution, prepared for autonomous and unmanned operation. The vessel will reduce NOx and CO2 emissions by reducing diesel-powered truck transport by around 40,000 journeys per year. This eco-initiative will help to meet the UN sustainability goals, and improve road safety and congestion… The ship will also be equipped with an automatic mooring system – berthing and unberthing will be done without human intervention, and will not require special implementations dock-side.

The containers contain mainly fertilizer. (Automatic) loading and unloading the cargo takes about as much time as charging the batteries.

In 2019, the share of hydroelectricity in Norway was 93.4%.

Yara Birkeland operational route, HeroyaLarvik (overland 27 km).

[] – Autonomous Ship Project, Key Facts About Yara Birkeland

Read more…

Heineken and ZES Start Electric Inland Shipping

Beer brewer Heineken has started an electrified inland shipping shuttle service between the Heineken plant in Zoeterwoude and container terminal Moerdijk (with access to international shipping), on a ten-year contract with Zero Emission Services (ZES), that will provide the batteries with the size of containers, as well as the battery charge, that is 2 containers with 4 MWh in total. Range per container of 2 MWh: 60 km or 2-4 hours of sailing.

ZES has the ambition to provide a nation-wide service network of its battery-pack for short-distance shipping at 20 locations. ZES is backed by heavy-weights like ING, Engie, Port of Rotterdam and Wärtsilä.

The intended ZES container battery charging network. Note the hubs in Germany along the Rhine, the busiest river in the world. It won’t be long and ZES could contemplate to invest in a wind park of its own, just like other corporations like Dutch Rail and Google have done. 15 minutes operation of a 15 MW wind turbine suffice to bring a “Heineken ship” from Rotterdam to Zoeterwoude. Perhaps it is an idea to lay a cable on the bottom of the Rhine river and supply charging stations along that river until Switzerland.

[] – ZES corporate site
[] – Heineken biertransport elektrisch over water
[] – Heineken wil zijn bier klimaatneutraal vervoeren
[] – Containers vol met accu’s vervangen diesel in de binnenvaart: ‘Hier gebeurt echt iets voor milieu en klimaat’

The Netherlands has a very dense system of waterways and is particularly suited environment for companies like ZES to operate in. The route shown here could very well match that of the Heineken containers.

This is the ship “De Alphenaar” from 2019, that has been retrofitted for electric propulsion. The ship has place for 52 containers. Depending on the destination of the trip, more containers can be stacked onto the deck. The beauty is that since the ship needs to be loaded anyway, the crane to load these battery containers into the ship is present anyway for the regular cargo. This is precisely the reason why battery replacement system could work with shipping, where it failed (in Israel) with cars.

[] – De binnenvaart gaat elektrisch, dankzij Bon Jovi

De Alphenaar isn’t the first inland vessel to go electric. Already in 2017, the Bon Jovi made a start to get the Dutch inland fleet of 6500 vessels, the largest in Europe, electrified. The Bon Jovi also operates for Heineken; 12,500 containers annually or 600 million bottles. But that ship stils had 2 192 kW diesel generators, that were used to produce the required electricity, in order to gain experience with electric propulsion. Now the time is ready to go really green with batteries.

[] – Heineken verricht doop nieuw duurzaam containerschip van Nedcargo in Rotterdam

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