DeepResource

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Archive for the category “transport”

Arlanda Test Results

The idea: mount a metal conductor strip/rail to the road and voila, you have an e-road, a sort of inverted trolley-bus system for cars and trucks. If a country like Sweden would install these rails in the main routes only, ensuring that no home would be further away from a road with such a rail, it would reduce the required size of the battery of e-vehicles enormously. Think 50 kg instead of 400 kg, because the car would charge the battery during driving.

A test route was equipped with a conducting rail earlier this year and the test results are in. And they are encouraging. 200 kW can be delivered, think a truck. The system works good under snow and ice conditions. No need for heating the rail.

Back-of-an-envelope calculation of the cost of an e-road system: The producer Elways claims that the cost per kilometer for 2 lanes is less than 1 million dollar. Go to Google Maps to verify that from Malmö in the South to Gällivare in the North it is 1740 km over road. Two parallel North-South roads exist, that’s 3500 km at a varying distance of 50-150 km. Add some East-West legs to connect these two roads and you arrive at perhaps 5,000 km or less than 5 billion $ to electrify your roads. Sweden has 10 million citizens, so that would be 500 $/capita. That’s very affordable. Note that autonomous driving will relieve the population of the need of owning a car, reducing the per mile cost with a factor of 4-10 according to this study.

More videos below and even more in the elways-link.

[elways.se] – Arlanda Test Results
[deepresource] – E-Road, E-Vehicles Breakthrough in Sweden?

Read more…

City Transformer – Fold-up Car

Israeli startup “City Transformer” has developed a small city e-vehicle. Range 150 km, 90 kmh top-speed, 2-seater, width can vary between 100-140 cm and can be parked on a motor cycle parking spot. Price tag $10.500. Production start 2020.

[citytransformer.com] – Company site
[nocamels.com] – Foldable eletric vehicle future urban driving
[timesofisrael.com] – Israeli folding vehicle to take on urban street woes
[spiegel.de] – Dieses E-Auto lässt sich einklappen

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Microlino

If you realize that the average occupation rate of your standard sedan is ca. 1.25 persons, meaning that a car mindlessly mainly moves 3.75 empty seats around… if you additionally realize that in a carbon-starved world, not because we run out of carbon but rather that we running into limits of the amount of carbon the atmosphere can handle, we cannot continue with our old ways… if you also realize that a car is mainly used for single person commuting (in Holland on average 34 km/day), shopping and business travel and not for happy families of 5 travelling to the seaside with dad-knows-best behind the steering wheel and mum distributing the sandwiches… these three realizations should really cause car designers to rethink traditional personal transportation assumptions.

Enter the Swiss-made Microlino:

Battery: 8 kWh or 14.4 kWh
Acceleration (0-50 km/h): 5 seconds
Range: 120 km or 215 km (with 14.4 kWh battery)
Maximum speed: 90 km/h
Price: 12,000 euros
Market-ready: 2019

Note: this could be the solution for those happy few who still will own a car. For the lesser Gods, the self-driving shared van could be the future.

[micro-mobility.com] – Microlino
[wikipedia.org] – Micro Mobility Systems
[cleantechnica.com] – The Tiny Electric Microlino Is The Ideal City Mobility Answer
[curbed.com] – The adorable Microlino car just got approved for European streets

Oh, and happy families can take the train to the sea-side, once or twice a year

e.GO Life, City E-Vehicle for 12k Euro

New German e-vehicle grass-roots development. Price 15,900 euro minus 4,000 euro subsidy. Four-seater.

Motor: 20-40-60 kW
Range (city): 104-124-158 km
Range (NEFZ): 121-142-184 km
Battery: 14,9-17,9-23,9 kWh
Consumption: 10 km/kWh [*]
Weight: 880 kg
Production volume: 10,000/year
Production start: end 2018

[wikipedia.de] – e.GO Life
[spiegel.de] – Günther gegen Goliath
[cleanelectric.de] – Interview mit Prof. Dr. Schuh/CEO von e.GO

[*] Average commuting distance Holland is 34 km. Two standard solar panels with mid-summer irradiation would suffice to bridge this distance. Or 90 euro cent electricity per commuter trip against Dutch grid electricity prices, much cheaper than petrol.

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Baidu Begins Mass Production Self-Driving Bus

[wikipedia.org] – Baidu

Callisto & Prometheus – ESA Space Transport Reusability

14 December 2017 – An ultra-low cost reusable rocket engine, Prometheus, using liquid oxygen–methane propellants, is set to power Europe’s future launchers. Today, ESA and ArianeGroup signed a contract to develop a full-scale demonstrator to be ground tested in November 2020. Prometheus demonstrates the systematic application of an extreme design-to-cost approach, new propellant and innovative manufacturing technologies. It lowers costs to a tenth of those for Ariane 5’s Vulcain 2 engine.

[esa.int] – Prometheus to power future launchers
[wikipedia.org] – Prometheus (rocket engine)
[eucass.eu] – Prometheus, a LOX/LCH4 Reusable Rocket Engine
[spacenews.com] – ESA kickstarts Prometheus reusable engine with first funding tranche
[spacenews.com] – France, Germany studying reusability with a subscale flyback booster
[popularmechanics.com] – Europe Is Building Its Own Reusable Rocket

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ESA Ariane 6

14 June 2018 – The ESA Council met today in Paris to discuss the path towards the future exploitation of Ariane 6. In view of the progress made in the Ariane 6 programme, Participating States have decided on the completion of the development up to full operational capability and agreed to fund industrial incentives associated with the development of Ariane 6 and P120C solid rocket motor.

[esa.int] – ESA decides to complete Ariane 6
[wikipedia.org] – Ariane 6
[twitter.com] – Ariane 6
[arianespace.com] – Ariane 6 user manual
[flugrevue.de] – Erster Startauftrag für die Ariane 6 [9/2017]

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E-Road – The Somewhat Different Railroad

Sono Sion Solar Car

German solar car. Price 16,000 euro. Range 250 km. On a sunny day the owner gets 30 km “for free” from the sun. Did you hear that, Australians? Californians? 35 kWh battery needs to be rented additionally. Deliveries starting by the end of 2019. The producer hopes to sell 10,000 cars per year.

[sonomotors.com] – Official site
[wikipedia.org] – Sion (electric car)
[groen7.nl] – Sono Sion moet zonnewagen voor alledag zijn

LightYear Solar Car – Update

Lightyear One is a 5 student initiative, a follow-up of the successful participation’s of the Solar Team Eindhoven at the World Solar Challenge in Australia in 2013, 2015 and 2017 (three times a win). Prototype completed by 2019. 23 potential buyers. Price tag: 119,000 euro ex BTW. The Lightyear One Car will by on the road by 2020. The car has 4 motors, one in each wheel. In April the initiative managed to collect 5 million euro investment money, which suffices to complete the prototype. The hope is to sell 3,000 cars eventually.

[omroepbrabant.nl] – De Lightyear One… rijdt in 2020 over de Brabantse wegen
[lightyear.one] – Official project site
[automotivecampus.com] – Lightyear groeit snel
[pcmweb.nl] – Lightyear One: Elektrische auto op zonnepanelen
[linkmagazine.nl] – Sioux koopt Lightyear One ‘Signature Edition’
[ed.nl] – Lightyear al naar Automotive Campus Helmond

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Volkswagen SEDRIC Autonomous Concept

[cnet.com] – VW Cedric
[arstechnica.com] – Volkswagen unveils Sedric, its first fully autonomous vehicle
[volkswagen-media-services.com] – Sedric in Shanghai: Self-Driving Car without a cockpit celebrates premiere in China

Autonomous Driving with Volkswagen MOIA

Uniti Electric Car

New electric car from Sweden, the Uniti. Project began at the university of Lund starting with a crowd funding of €1,227,990. To be bought online and brought to your doorstep (still by a human driver). On the market as of 2019/2020, first in India.
Range: 300 km, weight 450 kg, charge to 80% in less than 15 minutes, 75 kW peak power, 0-80 kmh < 3.5 sec, battery 22 kWh, efficiency 20 km on 1.0 kWh. Topspeed 90-130 kmh, depending on the version. 2 passengers sitting behind each other. The car has autonomous driving functions. Price tag “under €19,900” or ~$23,400 USD.

German industrial giant Siemens is involved and a production facility near Malmo will produce 50,000 units per year as off 2018.

[uniti.earth] – Official site
[wikipedia.org] – Uniti
[cleantechnica.com] – Uniti Electric Car Pre-Orders Reach $60 Million

Noah Recyclable Car

Students of the Technical University of Eindhoven in the Netherlands have developed a “100% recyclable car”.

Should be on the road by the end of 2018.

Made from flax fiber and sugar.
Elektromotor 15 kW, 6 x 10 kg batteries.
Speed 100 kmh
Range 240 km
Not suitable for a first date.

[tuecomotive.nl] – Official site
[cursor.tue.nl] – TU/ecomotive leaves Eco-marathon behind with ‘circular’ Noah
[spiegel.de] – Dieses Auto soll sich komplett recyceln lassen

E-Road, E-Vehicles Breakthrough in Sweden?

2 km of rail has been embedded in a road near Stockholm, capital of Sweden. Purpose: offering the infrastructure required to charge vehicles while they are driving, reducing the need for have batteries. If the entire Swedish highway network of 20,000 km would be equipped with these kind of rails, batteries would only be needed to bridge a maximum of 45 km, reducing the size of car batteries with a factor of 5-10.

[eroadarlanda.com] – E-road Arlanda
[theguardian.com] – World’s first electrified road for charging vehicles opens in Sweden
[Google Maps]

XEV LSEV, 3D-printed E-Vehicle for $7.5k

Range 150 km, weight 450 kg, max speed 72 kmh.

[cleantechnica.com] – Finally, Your Next Car Could Be A 3D-Printed Electric Car — Only $7,500 & Can Be Built In 3 Days

VW E-Crafter Van 200 KM Range

First roll-out in Germany, Holland, UK, Sweden.

[cleantechnica.com] – Volkswagen Delivers First e-Crafter Vans To Customers In Europe

High Tech Campus Eindhoven – Toekomst Zelfrijdende Auto

In deze podcast praat interviewer Ingelou Stol met:

– Gerardo Daalderop van chipfabrikant NXP
– Merien ten Houten van start-up Amber
– Maurice Kwakkernaat van TNO

[hightechcampus.com] – High Tech Podcast #1 – Toekomst zelfrijdende auto

Catenaries For Every Highway?

Trolleybuses in Arnhem, the Netherlands. Could this be an intermediate solution for trucks as well? How about catenaries for highways only? The result would be that trucks only needs small batteries, “for the last miles”. During long distances travel the truck’s batteries could recharge via the catenary as well.

Pipistrel Alpha Electro 2-Seater Plane

Electric airplane Pipistrel Alpha from Slovenia taking off.

17 kWh battery
Battery swap in minutes
300 meter climb per minute
Flight time one hour or longer
Optimized for flight training
Regenerative breaking: descending gives back 13% electricity
Recharge in less than one hour

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