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Archive for the tag “natural gas”

Britain on the Brink of Gas Rationing

Reason: unusual cold weather, the breakdown of a pipeline with Belgium and most important, surprisingly little gas storage capacity. One expert said that Britain had less than 36 hours left and that rationing was a real possibility if the cold weather would continue. Gas prices increased with 50% overnight. Gas stores are 90% empty. Britain’s only sources are pipelines from Norway, Holland and Belgium as well as liquid gas from Qatar. A trip from the Middle East takes about 2.5 weeks. Sometimes the destination changes at full see, because some other country is willing to pay more. Power stations will be the first to be rationed, households last. International comparison storage capacity in days: UK-20, Italy-70, Germany-92, France-103, USA-180, Holland-23,000.


Construction Iranian-Pakistani Natural Gas Pipeline About To Begin

Total cost: $7.5 billion. Capacity: 40 billion m3 (1.4×1012 ft3) per year. Supplier: South Pars field. Work on the 780-kilometer pipeline ($1.5 billion) would begin on the Pakistani side of the border, as the 900-kilometer Iranian portion of the pipeline is already nearly finished. Unsurprisingly, the US (and Saudi-Arabia) are not amused and are looking for ways to discretely sabotage the construction. But Pakistan needs the energy and construction will go ahead anyway. Weak point though is that the pipeline runs through politically insecure Balochi territory, where the US and SA support separatism.

[] – War, Pipelineistan-style, Pepe ESCOBAR

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Global Natural Gas Reserves

The global natural gas market, conventional and shale, from an Indian perspective. Due to developments in the US, namely recent US unconventional oil and gas finds as well as a government reaching concensus about dramatically improved fuel efficiency of cars, fuel hope that India could benefit from US gas exports as well as reduced US demand for oil from the Middle East, leaving more for India, hopefully at lower prices. Whatever may be true of this, we were at least as interested in the map depicting the global natural gas reserves.


Nabucco Status Update

Now that construction of the Southstream pipeline has started, what is the status of Nabucco? Nabucco is a planned pipeline between the Caspian and Austria and is preferred by the US, for geopolitical reasons, namely to decrease Europe’s dependence on Russia concerning carbon fuels. But there are so many problems that it is unclear if will ever come off the ground. To start with it does not make sense to build a pipeline if there is no gas to transport. The main candidate supplier would be Iraq with potential additional supplies from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Egypt. But Iraq is not very stable.

[] – Even US magazine Forbes admits: “The Failure of Nabucco and the Future of Russian Energy.” (Feb 7, 2012).


[] – And German weekly der Spiegel, a Washington subservient with little affinity for Russia admits: “Europe’s Failed Natural Gas Strategy”. Translation: US preferred Nabucco is going nowhere, where the Russians are building pipeline after pipeline. Shortly after completion of the second Northstream pipeline, Gazprom wants to build a third and fourth, directly connecting Russia with Germany, circumventing Poland, Belorussia and the Ukraine (May 18, 2012).

[] – Reinhard Mitschek, CEO of Nabucco Gas Pipeline International: “Nabucco Will Be Profitable”. Despite the departure of RWE from Nabucco, Mitschek is confident that the Nabucco pipeline will be able to transmit up to 23 billion m3/year. The volume of gas production in Azerbaijan will increase to 20 bcm/a by 2015 and up to 40-50 bcm/a by 2025. Furthermore Mitschek does not doubt that the Shah Deniz consortium will decide on Nabucco in June 2013.(Dec 13, 2012).

[] – Bulgaria Gives Nod to Nabucco’s EIA. The Bulgarian government has given the nod to the Nabucco consortium’s Environmental Impact Assessment for the portion of the pipeline in that country (Dec 21, 2012).

[] – Meanwhile Nabucco itself seems to have given up the idea to build a pipeline from the Caspian to Europe and now proposes merely a pipeline from the Turkish-Bulgarian border into Europe (“Nabucco-West”). This pipeline should be connected to the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP), a project that is still in the planning stages.

[] – Shah Deniz II to acquire stake in Nabucco West gas pipeline. New reports indicate that Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz II gas group could agree to take over a 50% stake in the Nabucco pipeline consortium in early 2013. Such a move would boost the EU-backed gas pipeline’s prospects in a competition between projects that aim to flow Azeri gas into Europe. (Dec 21, 2012)

Capacity natural gas pipelines into Europe:
Nordstream55 bcm/a (operational)
Trans-Siberian Pipeline32 bcm/a (operational)
Yamal33 bcm/a (operational)
Southstream63 bcm/a (under construction)
2nd Nordstream55 bcm/a ? (planned)
Nabucco10 bcm/a (planned) []

In other words, even if Nabucco is completed it will transport only a small amount of natural gas into Europe compared to the potential of 238 bcm/a from Russia. In geopolitical terms Nabucco is a non-issue.

[] – Russia in the European energy sector.

South Stream Pipeline Construction Has Started

On December 7, 2012 Russian president Wladimir Putin attended a ceremony to mark the start of the building of the Southstream natural gas pipeline from Russia to Europe. Expected start of production in 2015. Destination countries: Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy.

[] – Capacity 63 billion m3 per year, more than 20 times the amount of natural gas delivered by Russia to Bulgaria in 2011.

[] – Gazprom and Bulgaria sign final investment decision on South Stream on November 15, 2012.


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Global Natural Gas Flows

Who delivers gas to whom? Extremely information rich map of global natural gas flows.


EU major natural gas pipelines

Map in the link contains detailed information about individual pipelines.


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