DeepResource

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Archive for the tag “USA”

Canada Is Most Important Energy Partner to U.S.

USAOilImportsMap[source]
With all the US sabre-rattling vis a vis the Gulf region over the past decades, one would expect that the Gulf is the most important supplier of oil to the US. Well, it is not, Canada is. In fact Canada exports nearly twice as much oil to the US as Saudi-Arabia does.

Ma SOURCES OF US NET PETROLEUM[source]

The diagram shows that the US is in a relatively comfortable geopolitical position when it comes to energy security, as more than half of its supply originates from the western hemisphere, and as such threatened by no one and access is limited only by the scruples of the US military, which is even at shorter supply than the oil involved.

So why all this US interest in the Gulf region? Take a look at this map (see page 9 source, the explosive German army peak-oil study):

StrategicEllipse[source][mirror]

After the demise of the USSR, the US is the only political entity left with global hegemonic ambitions. Although the US does not have the resources to occupy every piece of land on the globe, it does have the resources to control access to ca. 3/4 of the world’s fossil fuel reserves (mostly sealanes), confined to a relatively small part of the world (‘strategic ellipse’ as the German army study calls it). Control the oil, control the oil dependent nations.

[bloomberg.com]

US Steel Production Required For Energy Transition

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA[source]
Let’s do another simple calculation of what it would take to set up an alternative energy base. From Wikipedia we learn that the US produced 88.6 million ton of steel in 2012. We saw earlier that a 5 MW windturbine needs 700 ton of steel in total, price ca. $700/ton. Three days ago we blogged that in order to replace 40% of the US current electricity production by wind, as well as power an EV for every car currently driving on US roads, it would require some 250,000 3 MW wind turbines. Or 150,000 5 MW wind turbines. The rest of the electricity could be generated by 40% solar and 20% hydro. These 150,000 turbines would require 105 million ton of steel, or a little more than one year US steel production. If we assume ASPO to be correct in stating that between now and 2040 global oil production will be reduced by 50%, than it is not difficult to conclude that a transition avoiding collapse is not a priori impossible.

GlobalPeakOilForecast

Land Use Footprint of Wind Energy

turner-painting[source]
Cleantechnica published a few calculations to get an idea about the landuse if it was decided to use wind as energy source for these scenarios:

– Use wind energy to fuel all US cars, realizing the same mileage as before
– Use wind energy to generate 40% of US electricity (plus 40% solar/20% hydro)

First scenario, average number of miles per car in the US 13,476 (2010). An EV uses 0.3 Wh per mile, resulting in 4,043 kWh/year or 11 kWh per day. Number of cars in the US 254 million (2007). If all these cars were replaced with EVs, this would amount to 2,798 GWh/day. This could be produced using 92,973 3MW wind turbines. Assuming a typical 0.25 acres per turbine, the total landuse would amount to 23,243 acres, that is twice the size of Manhattan.

Second scenario, total US electricity consumption 4,143 TWh (2010). This would require 150,166 3MW turbines or land use of 2.5 Manhattan islands or 0.0015% of the US.

Remark: the visual impact would be far larger, see picture.

[cleantechnica.com]

Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan

california-renewable
California state and US federal authorities are beginning to prepare for creating conditions that would allow for rapid introduction of large scale renewable energy (solar, wind and geothermal) in an area of hundreds of square miles in the desert of Southern California (Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan or DRECP). The plan would cover portions of eastern San Diego County and stretch across much of Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino counties. It’s an area roughly the size of Indiana or Maine.

[nctimes.com]

German Solar Already Covering 50% Power Demand

germany-solar-PV-capacity-relative-to-electricity-demand
Compare this graph with a post from May this year to see that Germany is making progress with breakneck-speed. And clearly, if a country can cover 50% of its electricity needs from solar during peak hours, it also can cover 100%, provided sufficient storage facilities are available. The big difference between Germany and the US probably largely has to do with cost.

[cleantechnica.com]

Here is an article with a lot of solar data, like cost.

US National Debt Projections

[source]
The US population has spoken yesterday and Obama it is going to be for another term. It does not really matter, except maybe for the issue of war against Iran. The winner takes it all, in this case a sinking Titanic. The US has burdened itself with ambitions it cannot service. But maybe the US rulers, those behind the curtains, do not care about the financial destruction of the US, as it could still serve as a springboard to world government, we don’t know. What we do know is that the post WW2 era, aka ‘the West’, will soon come to an end and a new chapter of history will opened.

[zerohedge.com]

550 MW Solar Project in California

[source]
Operational 2015. First Solar will build it and Japanese Sumotomo Corp participates as investor for 25%. Location: Desert Light PV plant/Riverside County.

[sumitomocorp.co.jp]

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Dr. Ingraffea Facts on Fracking

Youtube text: by Scott Cannon Lecture; Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, The Facts On Fracking, March 23, 2011 by Kristian Boose .Cornell University professor Anthony Ingraffea spoke at Luzerne County Community College in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania late in 2010.
Ingraffea speaks from the viewpoint of scientific, technological and engineering fact.
This is an excellent overview of the drilling and fracking process from a very well respected professional in the educational field.
This lecture on unconventional natural gas drilling was hosted by The Gas Drilling Awareness Coalition.

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US Tidal Power Connected To Grid For First Time


An offshore turbine is finally spinning in the United States. This marks the first time that any offshore power generation facility has fed electricity back to a utility grid in the United States. Location: Cobscook Bay, part of the bigger Bay of Fundy, off the Maine coast. The TidGen has a peak power output of 180 kilowatts. The company plans on installing another two turbines in the same location in the fall of 2013. End target, possibly 5 MW. The TidGen device, installed in water depths of 15 to 30 meters, takes advantage of water flowing in and out of the bay as the tides change. The Bay of Fundy as a whole is an enormous tidal power resource; ORPC says that 100 billion tons of water flow in and out of the bay every day, with tidal ranges as high as 15 meters. Combined, wave and tidal power have fairly massive potential, up to as much as 15 percent of the U.S. electricity demand according to reports from the Department of Energy.

[spectrum.ieee.org]
[wikipedia]
[forbes.com]
[mhk.pnnl.gov]

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Lit Motors C1

“A car chopped in half”. Two-wheel, yet self-balancing, thanks to gyroscopes. Electric. It’s like ‘driving your helmet’. Release date: 2014. Power: 20kW (average European car like Opel Astra: 75 kW). Topspeed: 100+ mph. Range/charge: 200 mile. Price: 24,000 $.

[litmotors.com]
[wikipedia]

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Epic Ethanol Breakthrough?


Michigan State University researchers came up with a biofuel rocess that produces 20 times more energy than existing methods. If these promises materialize the breakthrough could be best described as epic. In essence microbes produce biofuel and hydrogen, based on agricultural waste feedstock.

[news.msu.edu]

Large Scale Solar Project Coming Off The Ground In Texas


OCI Solar Power and utility CPS Energy have agreed to cooperate for a period of 25 years in which OCI will construct solar panels to be managed by CPS. Size project: 400 MW, 70,000 households.

[solarindustrymag.com]

Russia and China in the US Crosshairs


Dr. Paul Craig Roberts
is not just anybody. He was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in the Reagan Administration earning fame as a co-founder of Reaganomics. He is a former editor and columnist for the Wall Street Journal as well as Business Week. He knows the American political system from within. Roberts for years has been extremely critical about the machinations of Washington. In a recent article Roberts accuses the US of having orchestrated the civil war in Syria, just like in Libya. Even more serious, Roberts points out that the US are risking confrontation with Russia en China while exercising hegemonistic ambitions. Roberts warns that Washington is putting the planet on the path towards destruction.

[globalresearch.ca]

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