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Archive for the category “wind”

2nd Subsidy-Free Offshore Wind Park in the Netherlands

This Summer the construction of offshore wind project “Hollandse Kust Zuid” was granted to Swedish Vattenfall. The company is prepared to build the wind park without a dime of government subsidy, as long as it can offer the resulting electricity on the Dutch electricity market and compete with others. Yet another slap in the face of those who claim that wind energy can only exist with subsidies. It doesn’t. Well, as long as storage can be ignored.

Capacity: 2 x 760 MW = 1.52 GW.
Location: stretched along the Dutch coast between The Hague and Haarlem.

[nos.nl] – Vattenfall bouwt tweede windmolenpark op zee zonder subsidie
[nl.wikipedia.org] – Windpark Hollandse Kust Zuid

Under current plans, Dutch renewable electricity will arrive at 70% by 2030.

By 2050, the Netherlands no longer will have a fuel bill and the aging wind towers can be taken down and recycled into new towers in electric arc furnaces for merely 10% of the energy cost it takes to build a steel tower from scratch from iron ore. The energy to fuel the electric arc furnaces will come entirely from… wind energy!… making a mockery of those uninformed renewable energy amateurs who keep claiming that renewable energy can’t exist without fossil fuel.

Sif Expands in Rotterdam

Rotterdam harbor, #9 globally and the largest in the entire Atlantic world, has the ambition to become the largest harbor for offshore wind in Europe. In that light 20 hectare extra land and 200 m more quay was granted to Dutch monopile producer Sif for expansion. Current production level: 4 monopiles per week to service a rapidly growing global demand.

[mainport.com] – Sif krijgt 20 hectare extra op de Maasvlakte
[mainport.com] – Offshore wind heeft de toekomst

New Danish Test Centre for up to 20 MW Wind Turbines

The wind energy industry has stated that 20 MW wind turbines are the maximum capacity possible. In Denmark, where else, they now have a test facility for exactly these kind of turbines.

[stateofgreen.com] – New Danish test centre for +20 MW wind turbines
[wikipedia.org] – Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field
[Google Maps] – Østerild Wind Turbine Test Field
[deepresource] – 20 MW Wind Turbines Are The Limit, Says Industry

World’s Largest Wind Tower Arrives in Rotterdam

Haliade-X 12 MW tower arrives in Rotterdam Harbor. The wind turbine will be operational later this year and set a new 12 MW standard for offshore wind in 2 years time and will play a central role in the ambitious Dutch plans to roll out 17.5 GW’s worth of wind power (for starters in the twenties):

[ad.nl] – Torens van grootste windturbine ter wereld aangekomen in Rotterdam
[deepresource] – 12MW Haliade Nacelle Underway to the Netherlands
[deepresource] – GE’s 12 MW Haliade-X, To Be Installed In Rotterdam First
[deepresource] – Haliade-X 12 MW Largest Offshore Wind Turbine To Date
[ge.com] – Holland, GE Will Build The World’s Largest Wind Turbine
[portofrotterdam.com] – Haliade-X 12 MW deze zomer geïnstalleerd op Maasvlakte

The “Aeolus”, the most advanced Dutch offshore installer vessel operational in the world today. Europe meanwhile has many of those operating in the North sea, Baltic and Irish Sea. With an improved crane, the Aeolus can handle towers like that of the Haliades-12MW.

[source] Sif-terminal in Rotterdam Harbor, where the tower and 12 MW turbine will be installed for testing. Turbine comes from St. Nazaire/France, rotor blades Cherbourg/France, tower Sevilla/Spain.

Wind Turbine With Battery Included

Concept: let a wind turbine pump up water from a lower situated basin in times of over-supply of wind energy for storage purposes.
Storage capacity: 70 MWh from 160,000 m3 total water capacity (4 turbines).

[windpowerengineering.com] – Max Bögl Wind puts turbine on THE tallest tower, 178m. Blade tip to 246.5m
[thewindpower.net] – Naturstromspeicher Gaildorf (Germany)
[Google Maps] – Gaildorf

Read more…

4.9 GW European Wind Installations 1H 2019

[cleantechnica.com] – Europe Installs 4.9 Gigawatts Of New Wind In 1st Half Of 2019

Projections Offshore Wind Capacity in 2030

[Source]

Area Capacity (GW) Population (billion)
Asia 100 3.5
EU 78 0.5
USA 10 0.3

[gwec.net]

Arkona 385 MW Offshore Wind Farm Completed

60 x 6 MW Siemens wind turbines. Currently the largest wind farm in the Baltic Sea.

[4coffshore.com] – Arkona Offshore Wind Farm
[cleantechnica.com] – Siemens Gamesa Finishes 385 Megawatt Arkona Offshore Wind Farm In Record Time

Developments in Offshore Wind Jack-Up Market

New offshore wind installation mega-vessel “Voltaire”, able to lift 3,000 ton, ordered by Jan de Nul, Belgium, scheduled to become operational in 2022.

According to Bloomberg there are merely a dozen ships in the world that can install a large offshore wind turbine, which is understandable with a list price of ca. 300 million euro per ship. Currently almost all these vessels are operating in European waters. Europe is uniquely blessed with ca. 600,000 km2 shallow water with high wind speeds (North Sea, Baltic and Irish Sea, together an area larger than France) that can be utilized for offshore wind, in principle enough to supply the entire EU (300 GW on average), three-five times over.

[deepresource] – The Giants of a New Energy Age
[deepresource] – European Wind Energy Potential
[deepresource] – The Enormous Energy Potential of the North Sea
[deepresource] – Unleashing Europe’s Offshore Wind Potential 2030

Principle offshore wind installation vessel illustrated. About one turbine foundation can be realized per day or 4 per week, if fetching a new batch in port is included. The next generation is 10 MW, 13 MW is in the pipeline. Take the Netherlands: 13 GW average electricity consumption. That could be covered by 1,000 wind turbines, or 2,000 rather, if a conservative capacity factor of 50% for large turbines is taken into account. That’s 500 weeks or 10 years installation time. So, a single ship can realize the electricity transition of a country like Holland in a decade. For 100% renewable primary energy we need to calculate twice the amount of electricity consumed today, that’s only two decades! Productivity could be significantly enhanced if a simple cheap barge and tugboat is used to fetch a new batch of 4-6 monopiles from the harbor in Rotterdam, Vlissingen or Eemshaven, while the expensive installation vessel Aeolus merrily hammers away full-time. In that case 4,000 13 MW turbines could be installed in 4,000 days or 11 years. Note that in the mean time a lot of additional solar and onshore wind capacity has been, c.q. will be built. In conclusion: this single ship Aeolus is able to complete the energy transition of the Netherlands, the #17 in the global GDP ranking before 2030, not 2050 as the EU demands. Most likely developing sufficient storage capacity will be the real bottleneck, not electricity generation capacity.

1600 GW waiting to be raked in. EU average power consumption 300 GW. The old continent has no conventional fossil fuel reserves worth mentioning, fortunately Europe doesn’t need to. Armed with the Paris Climate Accords, Europe effectively dissed everybody else his fossil fuel reserves and is offering a viable alternative instead.

Some recent developments in the fields of offshore jack-up vessels:

[bloomberg.com] – Offshore Wind Will Need Bigger Boats. Much Bigger Boats
[auxnavaliaplus.org] – Vessels and platforms for the emerging wind market (pdf, 108p)
[deme-group.com] – DEME’s giant installation vessel ‘Orion’ launched in China
[a2sea.com] – A2SEA Invests in a New Jack-up Vessel
[4coffshore.com] – Construction Progressing for Next Gen Vessel
[cemreshipyard.com] – Offshore Vessels Demand for Offshore Wind Activities
[windenergie-magazine.nl] – Jan de Nul orders new installation vessel
[jandenul.com] – Getting ready for the next generation of offshore wind projects
[offshorewind.biz] – Jan De Nul Orders Mega Jack-Up
[industryreports24.com] – Massive hike by Wind Turbine Installation Vessel Market
[renews.biz] – Japan joins offshore wind jack-up brigade
[maritime-executive.com] – Wind Tower Service Firm Plans to Build Jones Act Ships
[iro.nl] – New design jack-up vessels to strengthen Ulstein’s offshore wind ambitions
[newenergyupdate.com] – Flurry US offshore vessel deals prepares market for huge turbines

UK Needs 7500 Offshore Wind Turbines and 5% More Forests

According to the Committee on Climate Change, Britain needs to quadruple its inventory of wind turbines from 1,900 now to 7,500, as well as increase the British area of forestation from 12% to 17%, in order to meet the climate targets. Wind power would increase from 8 GW now to 75 GW. Jobs would remain constant.

[dailymail.co.uk] – Number of wind turbines in the UK needs to QUADRUPLE to 7,500 and the nation should plant ‘enough trees to cover Yorkshire’ in order to meet strict Government climate targets
[wikipedia.org] – Committee on Climate Change

Lagerwey Self-Climbing Crane on Display in Hamburg

One important factor in the overall cost of installation of a multiple megawatt wind-turbine, is that you have to bring a huge crane to the installation site. The innovation by the Dutch wind energy company Lagerwey is that they recognized that the wind tower under construction can itself function as a crane. All you need is a small crane, that can be transported by merely three trucks, mount it to the wind-tower-under-construction and bring parts of the tower, nacelle and eventually rotor blades to the top. Apparently the crane is now ready for prime time, witnessing the presentation of the crane at the Wind Energy Exhibition in Hamburg.

Lagerwey is selected by the Russian government as the preferred supplier to get wind development started in Russia, in cooperation with local industries and build 26 wind parks. Between 2018-2020, 610 MW is scheduled for installation.

[nl.wikipedia.org] – Lagerwey
[windenergyhamburg.com] – Wind Energy Hamburg
[windenergyhamburg.com] – Lagerwey at Hamburg Wind Expo

Read more…

CAES Mechanical Wind Energy Storage

Abstract:

The construction and testing of a modular, low pressure compressed air energy storage (CAES) system is presented. The low pressure assumption (5 bar max) facilitates the use of isentropic relations to describe the system behavior, and practically eliminates the need for heat removal considerations necessary in higher pressure systems to offset the temperature rise. The maximum overall system efficiency is around 97.6%, while the system physical footprint is less than 0.6 m3 (small storage room). This provides a great option for storage in remote locations that operate on wind energy to benefit from a nonconventional storage system. The overall size and capacity of the system can be changed by changing the number of active cylinders, which in this case are off-the-shelf, small pressure vessels used for fire protection. Moreover, the system operation is automated and capable of addressing both high energy and high power density applications with an infinite number of charge-discharge cycles by augmenting the capacity with the required number of storage cylinders. The system is eco-friendly and has low maintenance costs compared to chemical storage.

[researchgate.net] – Low pressure, modular compressed air energy storage (CAES) system for wind energy storage applications

De Offshore-Windindustrie

Dutch language video.

You’ve Got Mail!

The Aeolus is one of the most advanced offshore wind seejacking vessels in the world. It’s German-built, Dutch owned and operated by the Van Oord offshore enterprise.

The site marinetraffic.com offers the opportunity to follow global shipping. Just register and identify a ship of your choice and from then on you will receive email updates about events concerning that ship, like departure, arrival, berthing. Fortunately have not yet received mails reporting capsizing or sinking.

Yours faithfully has registered as well and chosen the Aeolus. The Aeolus is currently busy constructing the Belgian Norther offshore windfarm, see map below. The Aeolus picks up monopiles, towers, nacelles and rotor blades in Vlissingen, or Flushing as the town is known in Anglosphere (think “Flushing” and “Flushing Meadows tennis tournament“)

Belgian Norther windfarm

Here a summary of the most recent marinetraffic.com mails:

2019-04-21 21:52 – A new photo of AEOLUS has just been uploaded.
The photo shows the Aeolus, carrying 4 wind towers, nacelles and ditto rotor blades, leaving Flushing and heading for the Norther windpark in statu nascendi.

2019-04-21 15:30 – Departure: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN
2019-04-20 18:40 – Arrival: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN
2019-04-17 07:50 – Departure: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSING
2019-04-16 10:25 – Arrival: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN
2019-04-12 05:28 – Departure: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN
2019-04-09 20:51 – Arrival: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN
2019-04-05 13:49 – Departure: AEOLUS, Port: VLISSINGEN


etc., etc., etc.

OK, now let’s evaluate this data a little in a back-of-an-envelope calculation. The Aeolus is carrying 4 x 8.4 MW = 33.2 MW worth of nameplate wind power. Total Dutch (still largely fossil-based) power generation capacity = 29 GW. Average Dutch power consumption is 13 GW. How much time does it take for the Aeolus to install 29 GW of offshore windpower in order to complete the intended renewable energy transition?

From the list above you can conclude that the time for a full installation cycle can be 4, 5 or 7 days. Let’s say 6 days. Note that the installation of a complete wind turbines consists of 2 parts: 1. ramming a monopile into the sea bed and 2. placing the wind tower, nacelle and rotorblades on top of the monopile. In other words, it takes 2 x 6 = 12 days to install 4 wind turbines of 8.4 MW each or 33.2 MW in total.

In order to fully replace the total Dutch largely fossil-based power production of 29 GW, that would take 12 x 29,000/33.2 = 10,500 days or 29 years. Mind you, this is nameplate power and a capacity factor of 50% needs to be taken into account. That figure is however offset by the fact that in a couple of years 12-15 MW turbines will be installed, that can be handled by the same Aeolus. So we stick with 29 years. In other words, this single ship Aeolus alone is able to carry out the intended Dutch energy transition until 2050, the planned end date of said transition.

Note that this is a thought experiment. A lot of wind a solar capacity is planned to be installed onshore. On the other hand, as a rule of thumb, for a complete decarbonization of an average advanced western economy you need roughly 2 times the existing power generation capacity to keep the same standard of living, provided you replace conventional heating with heat pumps, implement thorough insulation, drive e-vehicles, etc.

The goal of the exercise is to point out that the renewable energy transition is a realistic enterprise and that the time frame of 2050 is doable.

[wikipedia.org] – MarineTraffic
[norther.be] – Norther project site
[deepresource] – The Giants of a New Energy Age

Current position Aeolus at the time of writing this post.

Africa’s Largest Wind Farm in Kenia

Scale: 310 MW
Operational: 2018
Funding: 630 million euro, private funding, Dutch government, EU
Turbines: 365 Vestas 850 kW

About the project: predictable strong winds from the Indian Ocean. A lot of social resistance needed to be overcome, tribal quarrels. The Kenyan government not living up to its promise to connect the wind farm to the national grid. Dolleman is an Africa lover, you have to be. He lives there for 40 years now. The plan to build a wind farm is old, but in 2005 it gets contours. With two friends from Holland Harry Wassenaar and Carlo van Wageningen, Wim Dolleman gets enthusiastic support. 300 MW, that would be 20% of the total Kenyan electricity generation. A test period is completed with the conclusion that wind conditions are superb. Most money required is collected from 88 befriended Dutch entrepreneurs, many of whom are in the wind energy business. The World Bank withdraws, and is replaced by the African Development Bank. That was the turning point. The nomads understand that their soil hasn’t been taken away and that their cattle can graze between the turbines.

[wikipedia.org] – Lake Turkana Wind Power Station
[volkskrant.nl] – Hoe het grootste windpark van Afrika er ondanks alles kwam
[volkskrant.nl] – Wind brengt welvaart, maar niet zonder slag of stoot
[Google Maps]

Dutch entrepreneur Wim Dolleman (“Wim Madman”) took the initiative for the wind project.

Read more…

Largest Wind Park in the World Borssele Under Construction

The construction of the 2 x 700 MW Borssele offshore wind park in the Netherlands off the coast of the Zeeland province, is in full swing, with planned delivery dates 2019 & 2020 resp. Unfortunately no pictures as of yet of the actual wind turbines itself, but instead of the construction of the transformer platform.

The Borssele nuclear power station produces 400 MW. At full wind speed the Borssele wind park will produce 3.5 times as much. Food for thought for the dense “wind energy is not dense enough” crowd.

[nl.wikipedia.org] – Windpark Borssele
[nl.wikipedia.org] – Kerncentrale Borssele

GWEC – 300 GW More Wind Power Until 2024

[cleantechnica.com] – GWEC Predicts More Than 300 Gigawatts Of New Wind Capacity Over Next 5 Years
[cleantechnica.com] – 2018 Saw 51.3 Gigawatts Of New Wind Added Globally

World’s Largest Chinese Jackup Vessel With 2000 Ton Crane

Lifting capacity: 2000 ton, sufficient for 10 MW turbines.

[xindemarinenews.com] – World’s largest offshore wind platform delivered in E.China

Kick-off Building Nexans Aurora Submarine Cable Layer

The hull is to be built in Crist, Poland. The rest at Ulstein Verft in Norway. Completion date 2021. Purpose: connection offshore wind farms with onshore grids.

[offshorewind.biz] – Ulstein Kicks Off Nexans Aurora Construction

New DEME Jackup Ship Apollo to be Inaugurated Tomorrow

Croatian built, Uljanik Shipyard. Leg length 107 m. Crane 800 ton. Owner: Flemish DEME Group.

[offshorewind.biz] – Apollo Readies for Naming Ceremony
[maritiemnieuws.nl] – Nieuwste self-propelled jack-up vessel ‘Apollo’ naar eerste opdracht
[wikipedia.org] – DEME
[wikipedia.org] – Uljanik

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